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Wettbewerb durch öffentliche Finanzierung von Schulen in freier Trägerschaft als wichtiger Ansatzpunkt zur Verbesserung des Schulsystems

Author

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  • Ludger Wößmann

Abstract

Trotz leichter und begrüßenswerter Verbesserungen belegen die kürzlich veröffentlichten neuesten PISA-Ergebnisse, dass es bei den Leistungen der deutschen Schülerinnen und Schüler im internationalen Vergleich seit der ersten PISA-Studie aus dem Jahr 2000 nicht den »großen Ruck« gegeben hat. »Deutschlands Schüler stecken im Mittelmaß fest«, titelte beispielsweise die Welt, und an der geringen Chancengleichheit für Kinder mit unterschiedlicher sozioökonomischer Herkunft hat sich wenig getan. Um die deutschen Schülerleistungen in die weltweite Spitzengruppe zu bringen, sind sicherlich noch viele Reformanstrengungen im Vorschul- und Schulbereich nötig. Es gibt zwar nicht die eine »Silver Bullet«, mit der alle Probleme auf einmal aus der Welt geschafft werden könnten. Aber die international vergleichende Forschung zeigt, dass ein zentraler – und quantitativ vielleicht der wichtigste – Ansatzpunkt sowohl für ein hohes Leistungsniveau als auch für ausgeglichene Bildungschancen im Wettbewerb zwischen den Bildungseinrichtungen liegt, der durch Wahlfreiheit für die Eltern und freie Trägerschaft der Schulen bei öffentlicher Finanzierung entsteht.

Suggested Citation

  • Ludger Wößmann, 2011. "Wettbewerb durch öffentliche Finanzierung von Schulen in freier Trägerschaft als wichtiger Ansatzpunkt zur Verbesserung des Schulsystems," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 64(01), pages 09-18, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:64:y:2011:i:01:p:09-18
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Oliver Falck & Ludger Woessmann, 2010. "School Competition and Students' Entrepreneurial Intentions: International Evidence Using Historical Catholic Roots of Private Schooling," CESifo Working Paper Series 3086, CESifo.
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    11. Eric A. Hanushek & Ludger Woessmann, 2010. "The Economics of International Differences in Educational Achievement," CESifo Working Paper Series 3037, CESifo.
    12. Eric A. Hanushek & Ludger Wössmann, 2006. "Does Educational Tracking Affect Performance and Inequality? Differences- in-Differences Evidence Across Countries," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 116(510), pages 63-76, March.
    13. Oliver Falck & Ludger Woessmann, 2013. "School competition and students’ entrepreneurial intentions: international evidence using historical Catholic roots of private schooling," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 40(2), pages 459-478, February.
    14. Gabriela Schütz & Heinrich W. Ursprung & Ludger Wößmann, 2008. "Education Policy and Equality of Opportunity," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(2), pages 279-308, May.
    15. Gabriela Schütz, 2009. "Does the Quality of Pre-primary Education Pay Off in Secondary School? An International Comparison Using PISA 2003," ifo Working Paper Series 68, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
    16. Maristella Botticini & Zvi Eckstein, 2007. "From Farmers to Merchants, Conversions and Diaspora: Human Capital and Jewish History," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 5(5), pages 885-926, September.
    17. Ludger Wößmann, 2003. "Schooling Resources, Educational Institutions and Student Performance: the International Evidence," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 65(2), pages 117-170, May.
    18. Vandenberghe, V. & Robin, S., 2004. "Evaluating the effectiveness of private education across countries: a comparison of methods," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 487-506, August.
    19. Martin Schlotter & Ludger Wößmann, 2010. "Frühkindliche Bildung und spätere kognitive und nichtkognitive Fähigkeiten: deutsche und internationale Evidenz," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 79(3), pages 99-120.
    20. Gabriela Schütz & Heinrich Ursprung & Ludger Woessmann, 2005. "Education Policy and Equality of Opportunity," CESifo Working Paper Series 1518, CESifo.
    21. Martin R. West & Ludger Woessmann, 2008. "“Every Catholic Child in a Catholic School”: Historical Resistance to State Schooling, Contemporary Private Competition, and Student Achievement across Countries," CESifo Working Paper Series 2332, CESifo.
    22. Helen F. Ladd, 2002. "School Vouchers: A Critical View," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(4), pages 3-24, Fall.
    23. Thomas Fuchs & Ludger Wößmann, 2008. "What accounts for international differences in student prformance? A re-examination using PISA data," Studies in Empirical Economics, in: Christian Dustmann & Bernd Fitzenberger & Stephen Machin (ed.), The Economics of Education and Training, pages 209-240, Springer.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Schule; Vergleich; Öffentliche Finanzwirtschaft; Wettbewerb; Bildungschancen; Privatschule; Deutschland;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General

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