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Wettbewerb durch öffentliche Finanzierung von Schulen in freier Trägerschaft als wichtiger Ansatzpunkt zur Verbesserung des Schulsystems

  • Ludger Wößmann

    ()

Trotz leichter und begrüßenswerter Verbesserungen belegen die kürzlich veröffentlichten neuesten PISA-Ergebnisse, dass es bei den Leistungen der deutschen Schülerinnen und Schüler im internationalen Vergleich seit der ersten PISA-Studie aus dem Jahr 2000 nicht den »großen Ruck« gegeben hat. »Deutschlands Schüler stecken im Mittelmaß fest«, titelte beispielsweise die Welt, und an der geringen Chancengleichheit für Kinder mit unterschiedlicher sozioökonomischer Herkunft hat sich wenig getan. Um die deutschen Schülerleistungen in die weltweite Spitzengruppe zu bringen, sind sicherlich noch viele Reformanstrengungen im Vorschul- und Schulbereich nötig. Es gibt zwar nicht die eine »Silver Bullet«, mit der alle Probleme auf einmal aus der Welt geschafft werden könnten. Aber die international vergleichende Forschung zeigt, dass ein zentraler – und quantitativ vielleicht der wichtigste – Ansatzpunkt sowohl für ein hohes Leistungsniveau als auch für ausgeglichene Bildungschancen im Wettbewerb zwischen den Bildungseinrichtungen liegt, der durch Wahlfreiheit für die Eltern und freie Trägerschaft der Schulen bei öffentlicher Finanzierung entsteht.

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Article provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Schnelldienst.

Volume (Year): 64 (2011)
Issue (Month): 01 (01)
Pages: 09-18

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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:64:y:2011:i:01:p:09-18
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  1. Wößmann, Ludger, 2003. "Schooling resources, educational institutions and student performance: The international evidence," Munich Reprints in Economics 19661, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  2. Eric A. Hanushek & Ludger Wössmann, 2006. "Does Educational Tracking Affect Performance and Inequality? Differences- in-Differences Evidence Across Countries," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 116(510), pages C63-C76, 03.
  3. Falck, Oliver & Woessmann, Ludger, 2010. "School Competition and Students' Entrepreneurial Intentions: International Evidence Using Historical Catholic Roots of Private Schooling," IZA Discussion Papers 5024, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Hanushek, Eric A. & Woessmann, Ludger, 2010. "How Much Do Educational Outcomes Matter in OECD Countries?," IZA Discussion Papers 5401, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Schütz, Gabriela & Ursprung, Heinrich W. & Wößmann, Ludger, 2008. "Education policy and equality of opportunity," Munich Reprints in Economics 19901, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  6. Eric Hanushek & Ludger Woessmann, 2010. "The Economics of International Differences in Educational Achievement," Discussion Papers 09-013, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
  7. Helen F. Ladd, 2002. "School Vouchers: A Critical View," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(4), pages 3-24, Fall.
  8. Fuchs, Thomas & Woessmann, Ludger, 2004. "What Accounts for International Differences in Student Performance? A Re-Examination Using PISA Data," IZA Discussion Papers 1287, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Becker, Sascha O. & Wößmann, Ludger, 2007. "Was Weber Wrong? A Human Capital Theory of Protestant Economic History," Discussion Papers in Economics 1366, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  10. Hanushek, Eric A. & Wößmann, Ludger, 2008. "The role of cognitive skills in economic development," Munich Reprints in Economics 20454, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  11. West, Martin R. & Wößmann, Ludger, 2010. "\"Every catholic child in a catholic school\": Historical resistance to state schooling, contemporary private competition and student achievement across countries," Munich Reprints in Economics 19692, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  12. Ludger Woessmann, 2010. "Institutional Determinants of School Efficiency and Equity: German States as a Microcosm for OECD Countries," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 230(2), pages 234-270.
  13. Martin Schlotter & Ludger Wößmann, 2010. "Frühkindliche Bildung und spätere kognitive und nichtkognitive Fähigkeiten: deutsche und internationale Evidenz," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 79(3), pages 99-120.
  14. Vandenberghe, V. & Robin, S., 2004. "Evaluating the effectiveness of private education across countries: a comparison of methods," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 487-506, August.
  15. Maristella Botticini & Zvi Eckstein, 2007. "From Farmers to Merchants, Conversions and Diaspora: Human Capital and Jewish History," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 5(5), pages 885-926, 09.
  16. Gabriela Schütz, 2009. "Does the Quality of Pre-primary Education Pay Off in Secondary School? An International Comparison Using PISA 2003," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 68, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
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