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Behavioural Finance at Home: Testing Deviations of House Prices from their Fundamental Values

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  • Lake, A.

Abstract

I introduce a new test of whether house prices are always equal to their fundamental values, which are defined to account for the unique frictions in housing asset markets, based on the speed of their reaction to monetary shocks. This test is justified with two conceptual frameworks and existing empirical work on monetary transmission. The results of applying this test to US data using local projections reject the hypothesis, but are instead consistent with behavioural expectations in housing markets. I also use a sign decomposition based on the conceptual frameworks to identify that consumption demand is the most important driver of US house price cycles, although asset demand is also relatively important. Therefore housing cycles usually arise from partially behavioural reactions to changes in housing demand.

Suggested Citation

  • Lake, A., 2020. "Behavioural Finance at Home: Testing Deviations of House Prices from their Fundamental Values," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 20104, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  • Handle: RePEc:cam:camdae:20104
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    House Prices; Forecasting; Expectations; Housing Cycles; Monetary Shocks; Behavioural Housing;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • R31 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Housing Supply and Markets
    • G40 - Financial Economics - - Behavioral Finance - - - General
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • D84 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Expectations; Speculations

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