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Education, HIV Status, and Risky Sexual Behavior: How Much Does the Stage of the HIV Epidemic Matter?

Listed author(s):
  • Daniela Iorio
  • Raül Santaeulàlia-Llopis

We study the relationship between education and HIV status using nationally representative data from 39 Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in Sub-Saharan Africa. First, we construct an innovative algorithm that systematically defines aggregate stages of the HIV epidemic in a comparable manner across time and across space. Second, we exploit the variation in the aggregate HIV stages in the DHS data, and find that the education gradient in HIV shows a U-shaped (positive-zero-positive) pattern over the course of the epidemic. Further, educational disparities in the number of extramarital partners are largely consistent with the evolution of the education gradient in HIV.

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Paper provided by Barcelona Graduate School of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 624.

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Date of creation: Dec 2011
Handle: RePEc:bge:wpaper:624
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  36. repec:mpr:mprres:6928 is not listed on IDEAS
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