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The Augmented Bank Balance-Sheet Channel of Monetary Policy

Author

Listed:
  • Christian Bittner

    (Bundesbank & Goethe University)

  • Diana Bonfim

    (Banco de Portugal & Católica Lisbon)

  • Florian Heider

    (ECB & CEPR)

  • Farzad Saidi

    (University of Bonn & CEPR)

  • Glenn Schepens

    (ECB)

  • Carla Soares

    (Banco de Portugal)

Abstract

This paper studies how banks’ balance sheets and funding costs interact in the transmission of monetary-policy rates to banks’ credit supply to firms. To do so, we use creditregistry data from Germany and Portugal together with the European Central Bank’s policy-rate cuts in mid-2014. The pass-through of the rate cuts to banks’ funding costs differs across the euro-area currency union because deposit rates vary in their distance to the zero lower bound (ZLB). When the distance is shorter, banks’ financing constraints matter less for the supply of credit and there is more risk taking. To rationalize these findings, we provide a simple model of an augmented bank balance-sheet channel where in addition to costly external financing, there is screening of borrowers and a ZLB on retail deposit rates. An impaired pass-through of monetary policy to banks’ funding costs reduces their ability to lever up and weakens their lending standards.

Suggested Citation

  • Christian Bittner & Diana Bonfim & Florian Heider & Farzad Saidi & Glenn Schepens & Carla Soares, 2022. "The Augmented Bank Balance-Sheet Channel of Monetary Policy," ECONtribute Discussion Papers Series 149, University of Bonn and University of Cologne, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:ajk:ajkdps:149
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    2. Joseph Abadi & Markus Brunnermeier & Yann Koby, 2023. "The Reversal Interest Rate," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 113(8), pages 2084-2120, August.
    3. Andreeva, Desislava & Coman, Andra & Everett, Mary & Froemel, Maren & Ho, Kelvin & Lloyd, Simon & Meunier, Baptiste & Pedrono, Justine & Reinhardt, Dennis & Wong, Andrew & Wong, Eric & Żochowski, Dawi, 2023. "Negative rates, monetary policy transmission and cross-border lending via international financial centres," Bank of England working papers 1010, Bank of England.
    4. Christian Bittner & Alexander Rodnyansky & Farzad Saidi & Yannick Timmer, 2024. "Mixing QE and Interest Rate Policies at the Effective Lower Bound: Micro Evidence from the Euro Area," CRC TR 224 Discussion Paper Series crctr224_2024_552, University of Bonn and University of Mannheim, Germany.
    5. Abildgren, Kim & Kuchler, Andreas, 2023. "Firm behaviour under negative deposit rates," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 151(C).
    6. Aleksander Berentsen & Romina Ruprecht & Hugo van Buggenum, 2023. "On the Negatives of Negative Interest Rates," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2023-064, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    7. Shuffield Seyram Asafo & Michal Moszynski, 2022. "The combined effects of monetary and macroprudential policies," SN Business & Economics, Springer, vol. 2(9), pages 1-20, September.
    8. Yiping Huang & Xiang Li & Han Qiu & Changhua Yu, 2023. "Big tech credit and monetary policy transmission: micro-level evidence from China," BIS Working Papers 1084, Bank for International Settlements.
    9. Present, Thomas & Simoens, Mathieu & Vander Vennet, Rudi, 2023. "European bank margins at the zero lower bound," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 131(C).
    10. Nissinen, Juuso & Sihvonen, Markus, 2022. "Bond convenience curves and funding costs," Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers 11/2022, Bank of Finland.
    11. Laeven, Luc & Maddaloni, Angela & Mendicino, Caterina, 2022. "Monetary and macroprudential policies: trade-offs and interactions," Research Bulletin, European Central Bank, vol. 92.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    transmission of monetary policy; bank lending; bank risk taking; bank balance sheets; euro-area heterogeneity;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy
    • F45 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Macroeconomic Issues of Monetary Unions
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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