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Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Australia and New Zealand

  • Anderson, Kym
  • Lattimore, Ralph G.
  • Lloyd, Peter J.
  • MacLaren, Donald

In 1990, Australia and New Zealand were ranked around 25th and 35th in terms of GNP per capita, having been the highest-income countries in the world one hundred years earlier. The poor performance over that long period contrasts markedly with that of the past 15 years, when these two economies out-performed most other high-income countries. This difference in growth performance is due to major economic policy reforms during the past two to three decades. We provide new evidence on the extent of governmental distortions to agricultural incentives in particular in the two economies since the late 1940s, both directly and indirectly (and negatively) via manufacturing protection.

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Paper provided by World Bank in its series Agricultural Distortions Working Paper with number 48387.

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Date of creation: Sep 2008
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Handle: RePEc:ags:wbadwp:48387
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.worldbank.org

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  1. Harris, David N. & Rae, Allan N., 2004. "Agricultural Policy Reform and Industry Adjustment in Australia and New Zealand," IAPRAP\IATRC Summer Symposium, Adjusting to Domestic and International Agricultural Reform in Industrial Countries, June 6-7, 2004, Philadelphia, PA 15762, International Agricultural Policy Reform and Adjustment Project (IAPRAP).
  2. Kym Anderson & Peter Lloyd & Donald MacLaren, 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Australia Since World War II," Centre for International Economic Studies Working Papers 2007-01, University of Adelaide, Centre for International Economic Studies.
  3. James, Sallie & Anderson, Kym, 1998. "On the need for more economic assessment of quarantine/SPS policies," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 42(4), December.
  4. Kym Anderson, 2002. "International trade and industry policies," Centre for International Economic Studies Working Papers 2002-16, University of Adelaide, Centre for International Economic Studies.
  5. Ian W. McLean, 2005. "Why Was Australia So Rich?," Development and Comp Systems 0509003, EconWPA.
  6. Anderson, Kym, 1980. "The Political Market for Government Assistance to Australian Manufacturing Industries," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 56(153), pages 132-44, June.
  7. Ngo Van Long & Horst Raff & Frank Staehler, 2007. "The Effects of Trade Liberalization on Productivity and Welfare: The Role of Firm Heterogeneity, R&D and Market Structure," Working Papers 0710, University of Otago, Department of Economics, revised Jun 2007.
  8. S.F. Harris, 1964. "Some Measures Of Levels Of Protection In Australia'S Rural Industries," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 8(2), pages 124-144, December.
  9. McKay, D.H., 1967. "The Small-Farm Problem In Australia," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 11(02), December.
  10. Glau, T.E., 1971. "The Cost-Price Squeeze On Australian Farm Income," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 15(01), April.
  11. Anderson, Kym, 1993. "Lobbying Incentives and the Pattern of Protection in Rich and Poor Countries," CEPR Discussion Papers 789, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  12. Anderson, Kym & Lattimore, Ralph G. & Lloyd, Peter J. & MacLaren, Donald, 2008. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Australia and New Zealand," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper 48387, World Bank.
  13. Honma, Masayoshi & Hayami, Yujiro, 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Korea and Taiwan," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper 48479, World Bank.
  14. Martin, William J., 1990. "Public Choice Theory And Australian Agricultural Policy Reform," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 34(03), December.
  15. D. MacLaren, 1992. "The Political Economy Of Agricultural Policy Reform In The European Community And Australia," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(3), pages 424-439.
  16. Anderson, Kym & Martin, Will & van der Mensbrugghe, Dominique, 2005. "Distortions to world trade: impacts on agricultural markets and farm incomes," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3736, The World Bank.
  17. John G. Crawford., 1935. "Tariff Level Indices," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 10(1), pages 213-221, 06.
  18. Productivity Commission, 2005. "Trends in Australian Agriculture," Research Papers 0502, Productivity Commission, Government of Australia.
  19. Kym Anderson, 1978. "On Why Rates Of Assistance Differ Between Australia'S Rural Industries," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 22(2-3), pages 99-114, 08-12.
  20. Anderson, James E & Neary, J Peter, 1994. "Measuring the Restrictiveness of Trade Policy," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 8(2), pages 151-69, May.
  21. Melitz, Marc J, 2002. "The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity," CEPR Discussion Papers 3381, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  22. Ben Dolman & Dean Parham & Simon Zheng, 2007. "Can Australia Match US Productivity Performance?," Staff Working Papers 0703, Productivity Commission, Government of Australia.
  23. Snape, R H, 1984. "Australia's Relations with GATT," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 60(168), pages 16-27, March.
  24. Harris, S.F., 1964. "Some Measures Of Levels Of Protection In Australia'S Rural Industries," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 8(02), December.
  25. Edwards, Geoff W, 1987. "Agricultural Policy Debate: A Survey," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 63(181), pages 129-43, June.
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