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Distortions in farmer prices since the 1950s: South Africa in international perspective

Author

Listed:
  • Kym Anderson

    (School of Economics, University of Adelaide)

  • Francesca de Nicola
  • Esteban Jara
  • Marianne Kurzweil
  • Damiano Sandri

    (Research Department, International Monetary Fund)

  • Ernesto Valenzuela

    (School of Economics, University of Adelaide)

Abstract

For decades, earnings from farming in many low-income countries have been depressed by a pro-urban bias in own-country policies, as well as by governments of richer countries favoring their farmers with import barriers and subsidies. Both sets of policies reduce national and global economic growth. They also add to inequality and poverty in developing countries, since most of the worldÂ’s billion poorest people depend on farming for their livelihood. Over the past two decades numerous developing country governments have reduced their sectoral and trade policy distortions, while some high-income countries also have begun reforming their protectionist policies. Drawing on results from a new multi-country research project, this paper examines the extent of South AfricaÂ’s reforms relative to those of other temperate-zone Southern Hemisphere countries, of Northern Hemisphere rich countries, and of other developing countries. It concludes by pointing to the scope and prospects for further pro-poor policy reform at home and abroad.

Suggested Citation

  • Kym Anderson & Francesca de Nicola & Esteban Jara & Marianne Kurzweil & Damiano Sandri & Ernesto Valenzuela, 2007. "Distortions in farmer prices since the 1950s: South Africa in international perspective," Centre for International Economic Studies Working Papers 2007-08, University of Adelaide, Centre for International Economic Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:adl:cieswp:2007-08
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    File URL: http://www.adelaide.edu.au/cies/papers/0708.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Honma, Masayoshi & Hayami, Yujiro, 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Korea and Taiwan," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper Series 48479, World Bank.
    2. De Gorter, Harry & Swinnen, Johan, 2002. "Political economy of agricultural policy," Handbook of Agricultural Economics, in: B. L. Gardner & G. C. Rausser (ed.), Handbook of Agricultural Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 36, pages 1893-1943, Elsevier.
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    5. Anderson, Kym & Lattimore, Ralph G. & Lloyd, Peter J. & MacLaren, Donald, 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Australia and New Zealand," 2007 Conference (51st), February 13-16, 2007, Queenstown, New Zealand 10407, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    6. Kym Anderson & Will Martin, 2009. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Asia," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2611, July.
    7. Gardner, Bruce L., 2008. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in the United States and Canada," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper Series 48573, World Bank.
    8. Lloyd, Peter J., 1975. "Tariff Compensation: An Undesirable Policy," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 19(3), pages 1-8, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Abdul SALAM*, 2010. "Distortions in Prices of Food Grains in Pakistan: 1996 to 2006," Pakistan Journal of Applied Economics, Applied Economics Research Centre, vol. 20, pages 13-28.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Distorted incentives; agricultural and trade policy reforms;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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