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Impacts of Regional Approaches to Rural Development: Initial Evidence on the Delta Regional Authority

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  • Pender, John
  • Reeder, Richard

Abstract

The Delta Regional Authority (DRA) began funding rural development projects in economically distressed counties in the Mississippi River Delta region in 2002. To assess the initial economic outcomes of DRA funding, we compared nonmetropolitan DRA counties with similar counties elsewhere in the same region as well as in the Southeast. Per capita income, net earnings, and transfer payments grew more rapidly in DRA counties than in similar non-DRA counties, and those impacts were stronger in counties in which DRA spending was higher. Each additional dollar of DRA spending was associated with an increase of $15 in the growth of annual personal income from 2002 to 2007, including an increase of $8 in annual earnings (primarily in the health care and social services sector) and an additional $5 in annual transfer (Government) payments (mainly due to increased medical transfer payments such as Medicare and Medicaid). Our findings suggest that investments supported by the DRA in improved medical facilities and DRA efforts to increase the supply of health professionals may be promoting additional health sector earnings and medical transfer payments.

Suggested Citation

  • Pender, John & Reeder, Richard, 2011. "Impacts of Regional Approaches to Rural Development: Initial Evidence on the Delta Regional Authority," Economic Research Report 262240, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uersrr:262240
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.262240
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    Cited by:

    1. Rupasingha, Anil & Pender, John & Wiggins, Seth, 2018. "USDA’s Value-Added Producer Grant Program and Its Effect on Business Survival and Growth," Economic Research Report 276236, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    2. Pender, John L. & Marre, Alexander W. & Reeder, Richard J., 2012. "Rural Wealth Creation Concepts, Strategies, and Measures," Economic Research Report 121860, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    3. Kwideok Han & Brian Whitacre & Inbae Ji, 2020. "Estimating the Impacts of EDA Public Works Program Investments on County Employment," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 34(3), pages 283-293, August.
    4. Timothy R. Wojan & Jason P. Brown & Dayton M. Lambert, 2014. "What to Do about the "Cult of Statistical Significance"? A Renewable Fuel Application using the Neyman-Pearson Protocol," Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 36(4), pages 674-695.
    5. Tyler Morin & Mark Partridge, 2021. "The Impact of Small Regional Economic Development Commissions: Is There Any Bang After Just a Few Bucks?," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 35(1), pages 22-39, February.
    6. Brown, Jason P. & Pender, John & Wiser, Ryan & Lantz, Eric & Hoen, Ben, 2012. "Ex post analysis of economic impacts from wind power development in U.S. counties," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 1743-1754.
    7. Morin, Tyler & Partridge, Mark, 2019. "The Economic Impact of Small Regional Commissions: Evidence from the Delta Regional Authority," MPRA Paper 95200, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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