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Research on long-term care insurance: status quo and directions for future research

Author

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  • Martin Eling

    (University of St. Gallen)

  • Omid Ghavibazoo

    (University of St. Gallen)

Abstract

We provide a structured literature review of long-term care (LTC) insurance using main path analysis, a mathematical tool to identify the most significant paths in a citation network. We identify three major research areas (financing, demand, and insurability) and systematically evaluate them based on standard frameworks. We further review established and innovative (insurance) solutions for LTC financing. Our results illustrate the immense difficulties of insuring LTC both on the demand side (e.g., low value of consumption while in care, existence of substitutes) and supply side (e.g., lack of predictability and asymmetric information), explaining the marginal contribution of insurance mechanisms to LTC financing. Combined products that bundle the risks, and public–private partnerships that integrate LTC into the pension systems might help to overcome the insurability limitations. In addition, alternative financing methods that go beyond the idea of risk pooling (LTC bond, LTC put option, equity release) could help to improve the sustainability of LTC financing.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin Eling & Omid Ghavibazoo, 2019. "Research on long-term care insurance: status quo and directions for future research," The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice, Palgrave Macmillan;The Geneva Association, vol. 44(2), pages 303-356, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:gpprii:v:44:y:2019:i:2:d:10.1057_s41288-018-00114-6
    DOI: 10.1057/s41288-018-00114-6
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    10. M. Martin Boyer & Philippe De Donder & Claude Fluet & Marie-Louise Leroux & Pierre-Carl Michaud, 2020. "Long-Term Care Insurance: Information Frictions and Selection," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 12(3), pages 134-169, August.
    11. Fuino, Michel & Wagner, Joël, 2018. "Long-term care models and dependence probability tables by acuity level: New empirical evidence from Switzerland," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 51-70.
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