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Naturalization and the productivity of foreign-born doctorates

Author

Listed:
  • Daniel Crown

    (The Ohio State University)

  • Alessandra Faggian

    (Gran Sasso Science Institute)

Abstract

This paper estimates the effect of obtaining US citizenship on individual-level measures of productivity for foreign-born doctoral recipients from US universities. Becoming a US citizen results in the removal of barriers such as access to public sector occupations and to some sources of government-sponsored research funding which are hypothesized to increase the productivity of foreign-born scientists. We utilize panel data from the Survey of Doctoral Recipients from 1993 to 2013 and individual fixed effects models to control for selection bias in the naturalization decision. Our results indicate that becoming a naturalized citizen increases wages and several measures of academic productivity. In support of our argument, we find that foreign-born workers who naturalize are more likely to utilize research funding from a government agency, but not more likely to work for the government post-naturalization.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Crown & Alessandra Faggian, 2019. "Naturalization and the productivity of foreign-born doctorates," Journal of Geographical Systems, Springer, vol. 21(4), pages 533-556, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jgeosy:v:21:y:2019:i:4:d:10.1007_s10109-019-00301-6
    DOI: 10.1007/s10109-019-00301-6
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Skilled immigration; Citizenship; Labor economics;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J45 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Public Sector Labor Markets
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J10 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - General

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