Citizenship, Fertility and Parental Investment
Citizenship rights are associated with better economic opportunities for immigrants. This paper studies how in a country with a large fraction of temporary migrants the fertility decisions of foreign citizens respond to a change in the rules that regulate child legal status at birth. The introduction of birthright citizenship in Germany, following the introduction of the new German nationality law in 2000, represented a positive shock to the returns to investment in child human capital. Consistent with Becker's "quality-quantity" model of fertility, we find that birthright citizenship leads to a reduction in immigrant fertility and an improvement in health outcomes for the children affected by the reform.
|Date of creation:||08 Feb 2012|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published in American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2014, 6(4), 35-65|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: I-80126 Napoli|
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- Kevin Milligan, 2005.
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5552, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Ferrer, Ana, 2012. "Age at Migration, Language and Fertility Patterns among Migrants to Canada," CLSSRN working papers clsrn_admin-2012-2, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 29 Jan 2012.
- Rafael Lalive & Josef Zweimüller, 2009. "How Does Parental Leave Affect Fertility and Return to Work? Evidence from Two Natural Experiments," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 124(3), pages 1363-1402.
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