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Citizenship in the United States: the roles of immigrant characteristics and country of origin

In: Ethnicity and Labor Market Outcomes

Author

Listed:
  • Barry R. Chiswick
  • Paul W. Miller

Abstract

This study develops and estimates a model of the naturalization process in the United States. The model is based on both the characteristics of immigrants and features of their countries of origin, both of which are shown to be important determinants of citizenship status. The empirical analysis is based on the 2000 US Census. The individual characteristics that have the most influence are educational attainment, age at migration, years since migration, veteran of the US Armed Forces, living with a family, and spouses' educational attainment. The country of origin variables of most importance are their degree of civil liberties and political rights, GDP per capita, whether the origin country recognizes dual citizenship, and the geographic distance of the origin from the United States.

Suggested Citation

  • Barry R. Chiswick & Paul W. Miller, 2009. "Citizenship in the United States: the roles of immigrant characteristics and country of origin," Research in Labor Economics,in: Ethnicity and Labor Market Outcomes, volume 29, pages 91-130 Emerald Publishing Ltd.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:rleczz:s0147-9121(2009)0000029007
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Chiswick, Barry R., 2009. "Top Ten Myths and Fallacies Regarding Immigration," IZA Policy Papers 12, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    2. Vincent A. Hildebrand & María Noel Pi Alperin & Philippe Van Kerm, 2017. "Measuring and Accounting for the Deprivation Gap of Portuguese Immigrants in Luxembourg," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 63(2), pages 288-309, June.
    3. repec:bla:intmig:v:51:y:2017:i:3:p:667-700 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Don J. DeVoretz, 2013. "The economics of immigrant citizenship ascension," Chapters,in: International Handbook on the Economics of Migration, chapter 25, pages 470-488 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Bevelander, Pieter & Spång, Mikael, 2014. "From Aliens to Citizens: The Political Incorporation of Immigrants," IZA Discussion Papers 7920, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    6. Aleksynska, Mariya, 2011. "Civic participation of immigrants in Europe: Assimilation, origin, and destination country effects," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 566-585, September.
    7. repec:eee:jeborg:v:150:y:2018:i:c:p:1-18 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Mariya Aleksynska & Yann Algan, 2010. "Economic and Cultural Assimilation and Integration of Immigration in Europe," Working Papers 2010-29, CEPII research center.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration

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