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Foreign-Born graduates and innovation: Evidence from an Australian skilled visa program✰,✰✰,★,★★

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  • Crown, Daniel
  • Faggian, Alessandra
  • Corcoran, Jonathan

Abstract

This paper estimates the effect of a skilled visa program that permits foreign-born graduates from Australian universities the right to temporarily live and work in Australia post-graduation on regional innovation outcomes. Our analysis combines data on innovation measures at the regional level with administrative data from the full population of approved Temporary Graduate visa applications. The empirical strategy accounts for the potential bias introduced by skilled foreign-born students sorting into innovative regions by using an instrumental variables strategy. Results show a positive impact of the visa program on the number of patent applications, indicating a positive impact of the skilled immigration visa program on regional innovation. We find no impact of the Temporary Graduate Visa program on the number of design rights or trademarks.

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  • Crown, Daniel & Faggian, Alessandra & Corcoran, Jonathan, 2020. "Foreign-Born graduates and innovation: Evidence from an Australian skilled visa program✰,✰✰,★,★★," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(9).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:respol:v:49:y:2020:i:9:s0048733320300251
    DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2020.103945
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    2. Massimiliano CODA-ZABETTA & Christian CHACUA & Francesco LISSONI & Ernest MIGUELEZ & Julio RAFFO & Deyun YIN, 2021. "The missing link: international migration in global clusters of innovation," Bordeaux Economics Working Papers 2021-02, Bordeaux School of Economics (BSE).
    3. John Bound & Breno Braga & Gaurav Khanna & Sarah Turner, 2021. "The Globalization of Postsecondary Education: The Role of International Students in the US Higher Education System," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 35(1), pages 163-184, Winter.
    4. Ceren Ozgen, 2021. "The economics of diversity: Innovation, productivity and the labour market," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(4), pages 1168-1216, September.
    5. Zhang, Chao & Guan, Jiancheng, 2021. "Returnee policies in China: Does a strategy of alleviating the financing difficulty of returnee firms promote innovation?," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 164(C).
    6. Ozgen, Ceren, 2021. "The Economics of Diversity: Innovation, Productivity, and the Labour Market," IZA Discussion Papers 14344, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

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