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From Integrated to Integrative: Delivering on the Paris Agreement

Author

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  • Haris Doukas

    () (Decision Support Systems Laboratory, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Iroon Politechniou 9, 157 80 Athens, Greece)

  • Alexandros Nikas

    () (Decision Support Systems Laboratory, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Iroon Politechniou 9, 157 80 Athens, Greece)

  • Mikel González-Eguino

    () (Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3), Scientific Campus of the University of the Basque Country, Sede Building 1, 48940 Leioa, Spain
    Department of Foundations of Economic Analysis, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), 48940 Bilbao, Spain)

  • Iñaki Arto

    () (Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3), Scientific Campus of the University of the Basque Country, Sede Building 1, 48940 Leioa, Spain)

  • Annela Anger-Kraavi

    () (Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership, University of Cambridge, 1 Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1QA, UK)

Abstract

In pursuit of the drastic transformations necessary for effectively responding to climate change, the Paris Agreement stresses the need to design and implement sustainable, robust, and socially acceptable policy pathways in a globally coordinated and cooperative manner. For decades, the scientific community has been carrying out quantitative modelling exercises in support of climate policy design, primarily by means of energy systems and integrated assessment modelling frameworks. Here, we describe in detail the context of a hitherto ineffective scientific contribution to policymaking, highlight the available means to formulate a new paradigm that overcomes existing and emerging challenges, and ultimately call for change. In particular, we argue that individual modelling exercises alone widen the gap between formal representation and real-life context in which decisions are taken, and investigate major criticisms to which formalised modelling frameworks are subject. We essentially highlight the importance of employing diverse modelling ensembles, placing the human factor at the core of all modelling processes, and enhancing the robustness of model-driven policy prescriptions through decision support systems. These altogether compose a truly integrative approach to supporting the design of effective climate policy and sustainable transitions and, therefore, strengthen the modelling–policymaking interface.

Suggested Citation

  • Haris Doukas & Alexandros Nikas & Mikel González-Eguino & Iñaki Arto & Annela Anger-Kraavi, 2018. "From Integrated to Integrative: Delivering on the Paris Agreement," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(7), pages 1-10, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:7:p:2299-:d:155981
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ajay Gambhir & Isabela Butnar & Pei-Hao Li & Pete Smith & Neil Strachan, 2019. "A Review of Criticisms of Integrated Assessment Models and Proposed Approaches to Address These, through the Lens of BECCS," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(9), pages 1-21, May.
    2. Forouli, Aikaterini & Gkonis, Nikolaos & Nikas, Alexandros & Siskos, Eleftherios & Doukas, Haris & Tourkolias, Christos, 2019. "Energy efficiency promotion in Greece in light of risk: Evaluating policies as portfolio assets," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 170(C), pages 818-831.
    3. Pöstges, Arne & Weber, Christoph, 2019. "Time series aggregation – A new methodological approach using the “peak-load-pricing” model," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 1-1.
    4. Rakel Kristjansdottir & Henner Busch, 2019. "Towards a Neutral North—The Urban Low Carbon Transitions of Akureyri, Iceland," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(7), pages 1-16, April.
    5. Jan Witajewski-Baltvilks & Marek Antosiewicz & Andrzej Ceglarz & Haris Doukas & Alexandros Nikas & Jakub Sawulski & Aleksander Szpor & Baiba Witajewska-Baltvilka, 2018. "Risks associated with the decarbonisation of the Polish power sector," IBS Research Reports 05/2018, Instytut Badan Strukturalnych.
    6. Forouli, Aikaterini & Doukas, Haris & Nikas, Alexandros & Sampedro, Jon & Van de Ven, Dirk-Jan, 2019. "Identifying optimal technological portfolios for European power generation towards climate change mitigation: A robust portfolio analysis approach," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 33-42.
    7. Getachew F. Belete & Alexey Voinov & Iñaki Arto & Kishore Dhavala & Tatyana Bulavskaya & Leila Niamir & Saeed Moghayer & Tatiana Filatova, 2019. "Exploring Low-Carbon Futures: A Web Service Approach to Linking Diverse Climate-Energy-Economy Models," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(15), pages 1-24, July.
    8. Aikaterini Papapostolou & Charikleia Karakosta & Kalliopi-Anastasia Kourti & Haris Doukas & John Psarras, 2019. "Supporting Europe’s Energy Policy Towards a Decarbonised Energy System: A Comparative Assessment," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(15), pages 1-26, July.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    climate policy; integrated assessment models; Paris Agreement; decision support; uncertainty; stakeholders; sustainable transitions; governance;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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