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What drives returns to euro area housing? Evidence from a dynamic dividend–discount model

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  • Hiebert, Paul
  • Sydow, Matthias

Abstract

We apply a dynamic dividend–discount model to analyse housing returns for eight euro area countries comprising over 90% of euro area GDP, both individually and as a panel. A vector autoregressive model (VAR) is estimated for four variables – excess return to housing, rents, the real interest rate and real disposable per capita income – using quarterly data over the period 1978–2009. This empirical investigation – which allows for a decomposition of house price movements into movements in rent (cash-flow) and expected return news components – indicates that the bulk of the variability of euro area house price movements can be attributed to movements in fundamentals. There remains nonetheless an important but less sizeable influence of market-wide (or expected-return) variations in house prices. Country-specific estimation indicates considerable heterogeneity around the euro area result, both for what concerns long-term impacts and dynamics. Notably, changes in expected returns play a relatively strong role in the house prices of Ireland and Spain.

Suggested Citation

  • Hiebert, Paul & Sydow, Matthias, 2011. "What drives returns to euro area housing? Evidence from a dynamic dividend–discount model," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(2), pages 88-98.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:juecon:v:70:y:2011:i:2:p:88-98 DOI: 10.1016/j.jue.2011.03.001
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    2. Hill, Robert J. & Syed, Iqbal A., 2016. "Hedonic price–rent ratios, user cost, and departures from equilibrium in the housing market," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 60-72.
    3. Efthymios Pavlidis & Alisa Yusupova & Ivan Paya & David Peel & Enrique Martínez-García & Adrienne Mack & Valerie Grossman, 2016. "Episodes of Exuberance in Housing Markets: In Search of the Smoking Gun," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 53(4), pages 419-449, November.
    4. Chun-Kei Tsang & Wing-Keung Wong & Ira Horowitz, 2016. "Arbitrage opportunities, efficiency, and the role of risk preferences in the Hong Kong property market," Studies in Economics and Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 33(4), pages 735-754, October.
    5. Kajuth, Florian & Knetsch, Thomas A. & Pinkwart, Nicolas, 2013. "Assessing house prices in Germany: Evidence from an estimated stock-flow model using regional data," Discussion Papers 46/2013, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    6. Tsang, Chun-Kei & Wong, Wing-Keung & Horowitz, Ira, 2016. "A stochastic-dominance approach to determining the optimal home-size purchase: The case of Hong Kong," MPRA Paper 69175, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Muellbauer, John & Geiger, Felix & Rupprecht, Manuel, 2016. "The housing market, household portfolios and the German consumer," Working Paper Series 1904, European Central Bank.
    8. repec:bla:intfin:v:20:y:2017:i:1:p:64-91 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Engsted, Tom & Pedersen, Thomas Q., 2014. "Housing market volatility in the OECD area: Evidence from VAR based return decompositions," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 91-103.
    10. Dooruj Rambaccussing, 2015. "Modelling Housing Prices using a Present Value State Space Model," Dundee Discussion Papers in Economics 285, Economic Studies, University of Dundee.
    11. Rambaccussing, Dooruj, 2015. "Modelling Housing Prices using a Present Value State Space Model," 2007 Annual Meeting, July 29-August 1, 2007, Portland, Oregon TN 2015-32, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    12. Rambaccussing, Dooruj, 2015. "Modelling Housing Prices using a Present Value State Space Model," 2007 Annual Meeting, July 29-August 1, 2007, Portland, Oregon TN 2015-80, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    13. Rambaccussing, Dooruj, 2015. "Modelling Housing Prices using a Present Value State Space Model," SIRE Discussion Papers 2015-32, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    House price; Housing rental yield; Return decomposition; Panel VAR estimation; Cash flow news;

    JEL classification:

    • R21 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Housing Demand
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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