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The Comparative Analysis of Credit Risk Determinants In the Banking Sector of the Baltic States


  • Grigori Fainstein

    () (Tallinn University of Technology, ESTONIA)

  • Igor Novikov

    () (Tallinn University of Technology, ESTONIA)


A vector error correction model is applied to empirically investigate and compare the influence of macroeconomic and real estate market variables on the level of non-performing loans in the three Baltic States. A secondary goal is to analyze the effect of constant loan portfolio growth on the level of non-performing loans in the related countries. The research indicates that the most significant reason for the growth of non-performing loans was caused by the changes in the real GDP in all the three Baltic States. The increasing influence of rapid loan portfolio growth proves the assumption that banks underestimated the changes in the macroeconomic variables during the analyzed periods, especially in Latvia. Rapid growth of the real estate market played an important role in Latvia and Lithuania, but it was not as crucial as it has been previously assumed in Estonia.

Suggested Citation

  • Grigori Fainstein & Igor Novikov, 2011. "The Comparative Analysis of Credit Risk Determinants In the Banking Sector of the Baltic States," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 1, pages 20-45, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bap:journl:110302

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:beo:journl:v:62:y:2017:i:212:p:155-188 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Castro, Vítor, 2013. "Macroeconomic determinants of the credit risk in the banking system: The case of the GIPSI," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 672-683.
    3. Aleš Melecký & Martin Melecký & Monika Šulganová, 2015. "Úvěry v selhání a makroekonomika: modelování systémového kreditního rizika v České republice
      [Non-Performing Loans and The Macroeconomy: Modeling the Systemic Credit Risk in the Czech Republic]
      ," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2015(8), pages 921-947.
    4. Svetozar Tanasković & Maja Jandrić, 2015. "Macroeconomic and Institutional Determinants of Non-performing Loans," Journal of Central Banking Theory and Practice, Central bank of Montenegro, vol. 4(1), pages 47-62.

    More about this item


    Non-performing loans; Banking system; Credit risk determinants; Vector error correction model;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages


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