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The Determinants Of Households’ Food Consumption In Greece


  • Kostakis, Ioannis


Several studies have been devoted on analyzing consumers’ characteristics on demand for specific kinds of food; however less attention has been paid to the parameters of the level of food expenditures and the willingness to change this level. The aim of this survey is to illustrate the focal determinants of household expenditures on food in Greece. The procedure of the statistical and econometric analysis estimates the profile of consumers who are aware of their expenditures on food, employing a cross-sectional data set from Athens and Crete. In particular, we carried out an extensive survey of 800 questionnaires, from October 2011 to February 2012, using the stratified random sampling method. We distributed 400 questionnaires in Athens and 400 questionnaires in Crete. The results showed that independent variables of demographic and socioeconomic traits such as income, gender, age, marital status, place of residence and status of employment have an important impact on household expenditures on food. In addition, further empirical analysis supports the first law of Engel in our data. Strong associations were found between demographic, socioeconomic parameters and consumer attitude in food expenditures experimentation.

Suggested Citation

  • Kostakis, Ioannis, 2014. "The Determinants Of Households’ Food Consumption In Greece," International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics (IJFAEC), Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University, Department of Economics and Finance, vol. 2(2), pages 1-12, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:ijfaec:168576
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.168576

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    4. Capps, Oral, Jr. & Love, John M., 1983. "Determinants Of Household Expenditure On Fresh Vegetables," Southern Journal of Agricultural Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 15(2), pages 1-6, December.
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    6. Davis, Carlton George & Moussie, M. & Dinning, J.S. & Christakis, G.J., 1983. "Socioeconomic Determinants Of Food Expenditure Patterns Among Racially Different Low-Income Households: An Empirical Analysis," Western Journal of Agricultural Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 8(2), pages 1-14, December.
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    11. Jacobson, David & Mavrikiou, Petroula M. & Minas, Christos, 2010. "Household size, income and expenditure on food: The case of Cyprus," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 319-328, April.
    12. Heien, Dale & Jarvis, Lovell S. & Perali, Federico, 1989. "Food consumption in Mexico : Demographic and economic effects," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 167-179, May.
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    1. Ebenezer Lemven Wirba & Francis Menjo Baye, 2016. "Accounting for Urban-Rural Real Food Expenditure Differentials in Cameroon: A Quantile Regression-Based Decomposition," EuroEconomica, Danubius University of Galati, issue 2(35), pages 61-77, November.


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