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Análisis de la demanda de alimentos en España considerando el impacto de la dieta sobre la salud

  • Angulo, Ana Maria
  • Mtimet, Nadhem
  • Gil, Jose Maria

RESUMEN: En este trabajo se analiza la demanda de alimentos en España considerando la relación existente entre salud y dieta. Se plantea la maximización de una función de utilidad que depende de las cantidades demandadas de los distintos alimentos y del nivel de salud alcanzado, sujeto a dos restricciones: la presupuestaria y la relativa a la función de producción de salud. La solución al problema conduce a la estimación conjunta de un sistema de ecuaciones con dos componentes, una ecuación referida a la calidad de la dieta y un sistema de demanda de alimentos. Los resultados obtenidos indican, por un lado, que la introducción de la calidad de la dieta en un sistema de demanda (frente a un modelo que incluya únicamente renta y precios) modifica las elasticidades renta, aumentando en el caso de los productos más saludables. Por otro lado, se pone de manifiesto que un aumento en el nivel de calidad de la dieta conlleva un aumento en la valoración de los cereales y las patatas y una disminución en el grupo de aceites y carnes, principalmente.

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Article provided by Spanish Association of Agricultural Economists in its journal Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales.

Volume (Year): 08 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:ags:earnsa:57231
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