IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ags/ualbpr/232377.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Canadian Demand for Meats

Author

Listed:
  • Eales, James
  • Veeman, Michele
  • Fulton, Joan

Abstract

The demand for meat in Canada is examined in a manner similar to that employed in previous work. The current effort differs from previous studies in two important ways. First, beef demand is disaggregated into ground beef and table-cut beef. This is an attempt to allow a more detailed understanding of beef demand and beef products' relation to other meats. Second, Canadian livestock production costs and trade are incorporated in the calculation of demand estimates. This is motivated by previous findings of significant shifts in Canadian consumers' meat preferences sometime in the 1970s. Shocks to the supply side during the I. decade of the 1970s may have caused findings of shifts in demand. If this is so, then incorporating supply factors when calculating demand estimates should cause structural change to disappear. Results show that, as they typically estimated, ground and table-cut beef are very different products in consumption. Ground beef is more expenditure elastic and less ownprice elastic than table-cut beef. Both products compete about equally with pork, but ground beef is more substitutable for chicken. Demands also appear to have undergone a significant shift in 1978. However, incorporating the supply side and trade in estimation of Canadian meat demands produces significantly better estimates and causes the apparent differences between ground and table-cut beef and all structural shifts to disappear. The implications for producers and processors of red meats are that it is in improved production and marketing efficiencies that the chicken producers and processors are winning the battle for market share of the Canadian consumers' declining food budget.

Suggested Citation

  • Eales, James & Veeman, Michele & Fulton, Joan, 1993. "Canadian Demand for Meats," Project Report Series 232377, University of Alberta, Department of Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:ualbpr:232377
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/232377
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Wu, De-Min, 1973. "Alternative Tests of Independence Between Stochastic Regressors and Disturbances," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 41(4), pages 733-750, July.
    2. Nyankori, James Cyprian Okuk & Miller, George H., 1982. "Some Evidence And Implications Of Structural Change In Retail Demand For Meats," Southern Journal of Agricultural Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 14(02), December.
    3. Seungmook Choi & Kim Sosin, 1990. "Testing for Structural Change: The Demand for Meat," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 72(1), pages 227-236.
    4. James S. Eales & Laurian J. Unnevehr, 1993. "Simultaneity and Structural Change in U.S. Meat Demand," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 75(2), pages 259-268.
    5. Chalfant, James A & Alston, Julian M, 1988. "Accounting for Changes in Tastes," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(2), pages 391-410, April.
    6. Hassan, Zuhair A. & Johnson, S.R., 1979. "Structural Stability and Recursive Residuals: Quarterly Demand for Meat," Agricultural Economics Research, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, issue 4.
    7. Oral Capps & John R. Tedford & Joseph Havlicek, 1985. "Household Demand for Convenience and Nonconvenience Foods," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 67(4), pages 862-869.
    8. F. J. Atkins & W. A. Kerr & D. B. McGivern, 1989. "A Note on Structural Change in Canadian Beef Demand," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 37(3), pages 513-524, November.
    9. Zuhair A. Hassan & S. R. Johnson, 1983. "Quarterly Demands for Meat in Canada with Alternative Seasonality Hypotheses," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 31(1), pages 77-94, March.
    10. James A. Chalfant & Richard S. Gray & Kenneth J. White, 1991. "Evaluating Prior Beliefs in a Demand System: The Case of Meat Demand in Canada," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 73(2), pages 476-490.
    11. Thomas I. Wahl & Dermot J. Hayes, 1990. "Demand System Estimation with Upward-Sloping Supply," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 38(1), pages 107-122, March.
    12. Richard Green & Julian M. Alston, 1990. "Elasticities in AIDS Models," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 72(2), pages 442-445.
    13. Ronald Bewley & Trevor Young, 1987. "Applying Theil's Multinomial Extension of the Linear Logit Model to Meat Expenditure Data," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 69(1), pages 151-157.
    14. Hausman, Jerry, 2015. "Specification tests in econometrics," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 38(2), pages 112-134.
    15. Gary. W. Brester & Michael K. Wohlgenant, 1991. "Estimating Interrelated Demands for Meats Using New Measures for Ground and Table Cut Beef," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 73(4), pages 1182-1194.
    16. Alston, Julian M. & Chalfant, James A., 1991. "Can We Take The Con Out Of Meat Demand Studies?," Western Journal of Agricultural Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 16(01), July.
    17. Rulon Pope & Richard Green & Jim Eales, 1980. "Testing for Homogeneity and Habit Formation in a Flexible Demand Specification of U.S. Meat Consumption," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 62(4), pages 778-784.
    18. Zuhair A. Hassan & Stanley R. Johnson, 1979. "The Demand for Meat in Canada: an Application of the Transformation of the Variables," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 27(3), pages 1-12, November.
    19. Braschler, Curtis, 1983. "The Changing Demand Structure for Pork and Beef in the 1970s: Implications for the 1980s," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 15(02), pages 105-110, December.
    20. P. Tryfos & N. Tryphonopoulos, 1973. "Consumer Demand for Meat in Canada," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 55(4_Part_1), pages 647-652.
    21. Braschler, Curtis H., 1983. "The Changing Demand Structure For Pork And Beef In The 1970s: Implications For The 1980s," Southern Journal of Agricultural Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 15(02), December.
    22. Anderson Reynolds & Ellen Goddard, 1991. "Structural Change in Canadian Meat Demand," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 39(2), pages 211-222, July.
    23. Wohlgenant, Michael K., 1985. "Estimating Cross Elasticities Of Demand For Beef," Western Journal of Agricultural Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 10(02), December.
    24. Michael K. Wohlgenant & William F. Hahn, 1982. "Dynamic Adjustment in Monthly Consumer Demands for Meats," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 64(3), pages 553-557.
    25. Roger A. Dahlgran, 1988. "Changing Meat Demand Structure in the United States: Evidence from a Price Flexibility Analysis," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 10(2), pages 165-176.
    26. P. Y. Chen & M. M. Veeman, 1991. "An Almost Ideal Demand System Analysis for Meats with Habit Formation and Structural Change," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 39(2), pages 223-235, July.
    27. Thomas L. Cox & Michael K. Wohlgenant, 1986. "Prices and Quality Effects in Cross-Sectional Demand Analysis," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 68(4), pages 908-919.
    28. Jean-Paul Chavas, 1983. "Structural Change in the Demand for Meat," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 65(1), pages 148-153.
    29. Dahlgran, Roger A., 1987. "Complete Flexibility Systems And The Stationarity Of U.S. Meat Demands," Western Journal of Agricultural Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 12(02), December.
    30. Haidacher, Richard C., 1983. "Assessing Structural Change In The Demand For Food Commodities," Southern Journal of Agricultural Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 15(01), July.
    31. White, Kenneth J, 1978. "A General Computer Program for Econometric Methods-Shazam," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(1), pages 239-240, January.
    32. Richard Green & Julian M. Alston, 1991. "Elasticities in AIDS Models: A Clarification and Extension," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 73(3), pages 874-875.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:ualbpr:232377. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/drualca.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.