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USDA's Healthy Eating Index and Nutrition Information

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  • Variyam, Jayachandran N.
  • Blaylock, James R.
  • Smallwood, David
  • Basiotis, P. Peter

Abstract

A comprehensive model is developed to measure the extent that nutrition knowledge and diet-health awareness, among other factors, influence an individual's Healthy Eating Index (HEI), USDA's measure of overall diet quality. This is the first study that rigorously attempts to examine variation in the index across population groups by controlling for personal and household characteristics and nutrition information levels, as well as test for the endogeneity of nutrition information. Results indicate that one's level of nutrition information has an important influence on one's HEI and that nutrition information and the HEI are simultaneously determined. Other factors explaining variations in HEI's across individuals are income and education levels, race, ethnicity, and age. Evidence supports the hypothesis that higher education promotes more healthful food choices through better acquisition and use of health information.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

Suggested Citation

  • Variyam, Jayachandran N. & Blaylock, James R. & Smallwood, David & Basiotis, P. Peter, 1998. "USDA's Healthy Eating Index and Nutrition Information," Technical Bulletins 156811, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uerstb:156811
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/156811
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:spr:agfoec:v:5:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1186_s40100-017-0076-y is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Padilla, Luis, 2001. "Fruit Consumption: Dietary Health And Policy Implications," 2001 Annual meeting, August 5-8, Chicago, IL 20538, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    3. Mousumi Das, 2014. "Measures, Spatial Profile and Determinants of Dietary Diversity: Evidence from India," Working Papers id:6273, eSocialSciences.
    4. Tankari, Mahamadou Roufahi & Badiane, Ousmane, 2015. "Determinants of households' food diversity demand in Uganda," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 230230, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    5. Blaylock, James & Smallwood, David & Kassel, Kathleen & Variyam, Jay & Aldrich, Lorna, 1999. "Economics, food choices, and nutrition," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(2-3), pages 269-286, May.
    6. Angulo, Ana Maria & Mtimet, Nadhem & Gil, Jose Maria, 2008. "Análisis de la demanda de alimentos en España considerando el impacto de la dieta sobre la salud," Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales, Spanish Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 8(2).
    7. Chandran, Ram, 2003. "Effects of WIC Program Participation on Food Consumption and Diet Quality," 2003 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Montreal, Canada 22226, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    8. Grainger, Corbett & Senauer, Benjamin & Runge, C. Ford, 2005. "Analyzing Health Innovations in a School Lunch Program," Working Papers 14393, University of Minnesota, Center for International Food and Agricultural Policy.
    9. Lin, Biing-Hwan & Variyam, Jayachandran N. & Allshouse, Jane E. & Cromartie, John, 2003. "Food And Agricultural Commodity Consumption In The United States: Looking Ahead To 2020," Agricultural Economics Reports 33959, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    10. Drescher, Larissa S. & Goddard, Ellen W., 2008. "Comparing Predictors of Diet Quality in Canada Over Time Under Consideration of Altering Food Guides," Staff Paper Series 52091, University of Alberta, Department of Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology.
    11. Kinsey, Jean & Bowland, Bradley, 1999. "How can the US food system deliver food products consistent with the dietary guidelines?: Food marketing and retailing: an economist's view," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(2-3), pages 237-253, May.
    12. Collins, Keith, 1999. "Public policy and the supply of food," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(2-3), pages 311-324, May.

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