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Food consumption in the European Union: Main determinants and country differences

Author

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  • A. Gracia

    (Unidad de Economía Agraria, Servicio de Investigación Agroalimentaria (DGA), Apdo. 727, 50080 Zaragoza, Spain. E-mail: agracia@aragob.es)

  • L.M. Albisu

    (Unidad de Economía Agraria, Servicio de Investigación Agroalimentaria (DGA), Apdo. 727, 50080 Zaragoza, Spain. E-mail: lmalbisu@arabob.es)

Abstract

Consumers in the European Union are involved in integration processes that head towards homogenization of food consumption patterns. Several factors are encouraging these homogenization trends based on consumers' similarities and corporate activities. In this article a review of the food consumption structure, across European Union countries, is undertaken. First, food consumption trends in different countries are described and, second, factors, which determine consumer choices, are presented. Despite the fact that European consumers face more homogeneous food market conditions, food consumption differences exist because preferences and food habits are still different among European consumers, and the market is fragmented (EconLit: L660). © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Suggested Citation

  • A. Gracia & L.M. Albisu, 2001. "Food consumption in the European Union: Main determinants and country differences," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(4), pages 469-488.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:agribz:v:17:y:2001:i:4:p:469-488
    DOI: 10.1002/agr.1030
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jensen, Helen H. & Basiotis, P. Peter, 1993. "Food Safety/Food Quality Data," Emerging Data Issues in Food Demand Analysis, Proceedings of the S216 Workshop, October 1993 11849, Regional Research Project S-278 Food Demand, Nutrition and Consumer Behavior.
    2. Blandford, David, 1984. "Changes in Food Consumption Patterns in the OECD Area," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 11(1), pages 43-64.
    3. Ernest Reig Martínez, 1992. "Estructura del consumo alimentario y desarrollo económico," Working Papers. Serie EC 1992-02, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
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    1. István Kónya & Hiroshi Ohashi, 2007. "International Consumption Patterns among High-income Countries: Evidence from the OECD Data," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(4), pages 744-757, September.
    2. Angulo, Ana Maria & Mtimet, Nadhem & Gil, Jose Maria, 2008. "Análisis de la demanda de alimentos en España considerando el impacto de la dieta sobre la salud," Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales, Spanish Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 8(2).
    3. Vecchio, Riccardo & Annunziata, Azzurra, 2011. "The role of PDO/PGI labelling in Italian consumers’ food choices," Agricultural Economics Review, Greek Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 12(2), June.
    4. Petrovici, Dan A. & Ritson, Christopher & Ness, Mitchell, 2005. "Exploring disparities and similarities in European food consumption patterns," Cahiers d'Economie et de Sociologie Rurales (CESR), INRA (French National Institute for Agricultural Research), vol. 75.
    5. Cristina Marreiros & M. Raquel Lucas & Kerstin Röhrich, 2010. "Explaining organic food choice on the basis of socio-demographics.A study in Portugal and Germany," CEFAGE-UE Working Papers 2010_03, University of Evora, CEFAGE-UE (Portugal).
    6. Prof. Dr. Hesse, Klaus & Dr. Hoffmann, Claudia & Dr. Thiele, Silke, 2002. "Änderungen der Struktur der Nachfrage nach Nahrungs-und Genußmitteln privater Haushalte und deren Bedeutung für die Ernährungs- und Agrarwirtschaft Schleswig-Holsteins," FE Working Papers 0302, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Food Economics and Consumption Studies.
    7. Dan A. Petrovici & Christopher Ritson & Mitchell Ness, 2005. "Exploring disparities and similarities in European food consumption patterns," Cahiers d'Economie et Sociologie Rurales, INRA Department of Economics, vol. 75, pages 24-49.
    8. Haydar Sengul & Seda Sengul, 2006. "Food consumption and economic development in Turkey and European Union countries," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(20), pages 2421-2431.
    9. Marreiros, Cristina & Ness, Mitchell, 2002. "Perceptions of PDO Beef: The Portuguese Consumer," 2002 International Congress, August 28-31, 2002, Zaragoza, Spain 24869, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    10. Calegario, Cristina Lelis Leal & Houston, Jack E. & Bruhn, Nádia Campos Pereira, 3. "Foreign Market Entry Strategies In The United States/European Union Agribusiness Trade Context," International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics (IJFAEC), Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University, Department of Economics and Finance, vol. 3(3).
    11. Contini, Caterina & Casini, Leonardo & Fabbrizzi, Sara & Travaglini, Irene, 2011. "Future Scenarios of the Food System: Insights from the Consumers’ Perspective," 2011 International European Forum, February 14-18, 2011, Innsbruck-Igls, Austria 122008, International European Forum on Innovation and System Dynamics in Food Networks.
    12. Dan A. Petrovici & Christopher Ritson & Mitchell Ness, 2005. "Exploring disparities and similarities in European food consumption patterns," Post-Print hal-01201095, HAL.
    13. Seccia, Antonio & Santeramo, Fabio Gaetano & Nardone, Gianluca, 2015. "Trade competitiveness in table grapes: a global view," MPRA Paper 70931, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Venturini, Luciano, 2003. "The Food System In Transition: An E.U. Perspective," Working Papers 14362, University of Minnesota, Center for International Food and Agricultural Policy.
    15. Margherita Gerolimetto & Christine Mauracher, 2013. "Analysis Of Food Consumption In Europe Via Time Series Clustering," RIEDS - Rivista Italiana di Economia, Demografia e Statistica - Italian Review of Economics, Demography and Statistics, SIEDS Societa' Italiana di Economia Demografia e Statistica, vol. 67(3-4), pages 143-150, July-Dece.
    16. Thiele, S. & Weiss, C., 2003. "Consumer demand for food diversity: evidence for Germany," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 99-115, April.

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