## Content

### September 1991, Volume 56, Issue 3

**419-431 Estimating flexible distributions of ideal-points with external analysis of preferences***by*Wagner Kamakura**433-447 Fitting longitudinal reduced-rank regression models by alternating least squares***by*Catrien Bijleveld & Jan Leeuw**449-470 Hierarchical relations among three-way methods***by*Henk Kiers**471-494 A stochastic multidimensional scaling procedure for the spatial representation of three-mode, three-way pick any/J data***by*Kamel Jedidi & Wayne DeSarbo**495-515 A multidimensional latent trait model for measuring learning and change***by*Susan Embretson**517-533 Paired comparison, triple comparison, and ranking experiments as generalized linear models, and their implementation on GLIM***by*Douglas Critchlow & Michael Fligner**535-547 Exact and best confidence intervals for the ability parameter of the Rasch model***by*Karl Klauer**549-558 Review***by*Wim Jansen & Jos Dessens & Peter Heijden

### June 1991, Volume 56, Issue 2

**177-196 Randomization-based inference about latent variables from complex samples***by*Robert Mislevy**197-212 Simple structure in component analysis techniques for mixtures of qualitative and quantitative variables***by*Henk Kiers**213-228 An exact and optimal standardized person test for assessing consistency with the rasch model***by*Karl Klauer**229-239 A weighted procrustes criterion***by*Martin Koschat & Deborah Swayne**241-254 EM and beyond***by*Donald Rubin**255-278 Essential independence and likelihood-based ability estimation for polytomous items***by*Brian Junker**279-307 A stochastic multidimensional scaling procedure for the empirical determination of convex indifference curves for preference/choice analysis***by*Wayne DeSarbo & Kamel Jedidi & Joel Steckel**309-315 A numerical approach to the approximate and the exact minimum rank of a covariance matrix***by*Jos Berge & Henk Kiers**317-326 Some clarifications of the CANDECOMP algorithm applied to INDSCAL***by*Jos Berge & Henk Kiers**327-348 Statistical inference for multiple choice tests***by*John Hsu & Tom Leonard & Kam-Wah Tsui**351-358 Reviews***by*Constantino Arce & J. Ramsay

### March 1991, Volume 56, Issue 1

**7-27 A generalized majorization method for least souares multidimensional scaling of pseudodistances that may be negative***by*Willem Heiser**29-38 Probability of directional errors with disordinal (qualitative) interaction***by*Juliet Shaffer**39-54 Nonunique solutions to the likelihood equation for the three-parameter logistic model***by*Wendy Yen & George Burket & Robert Sykes**55-67 Assessing statistical accuracy in ability estimation: A bootstrap approach***by*Michelle Liou & Lien-Chi Yu**69-75 A simple multivariate probabilistic model for preferential and triadic choices***by*Kenneth Mullen & Daniel Ennis**77-85 Comparing the predictive powers of alternative multiple regression models***by*Michael Hagerty & V. Srinivasan**87-96 Maximizing the coefficient of generalizability under the constraint of limited resources***by*P. Sanders & T. Theunissen & S. Baas**97-120 Principal component analysis with external information on both subjects and variables***by*Yoshio Takane & Tadashi Shibayama**121-136 Multiclus: A new method for simultaneously performing multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis***by*Wayne DeSarbo & Daniel Howard & Kamel Jedidi**137-145 More “tricks of the trade”: Reparameterizing LISREL models using negative variances***by*Donald Green & Bradley Palmquist**147-152 An efficient algorithm for PARAFAC of three-way data with large numbers of observation units***by*Henk Kiers & Wim Krijnen**155-168 Reviews***by*David Andrich & Willem Kloot**169-169 Some properties of estimated scale invariant covariance structures***by*T. Dijkstra

### December 1990, Volume 55, Issue 4

**577-601 On the sampling theory roundations of item response theory models***by*Paul Holland**603-616 On the use of ridit analysis***by*Jay Beder & Robert Heim**617-632 Rasch-representable reaction time distributions***by*Dirk Vorberg & Wolfgang Schwarz**633-639 Canonical analysis of contingency tables with linear constraints***by*Ulf Böckenholt & Ingo Böcknholt**641-656 A latent trait model for dichotomous choice data***by*Herbert Hoijtink**657-663 A general solution of the weighted orthonormal procrustes problem***by*Ab Mooijaart & Jacques Commandeur**665-675 Approximating a symmetric matrix***by*R. Bailey & J. Gower**677-694 Projection of a binary criterion into a model of hierarchical classes***by*Even Mechelen & Paul Boeck**695-706 The expected likelihood of transitivity of preference***by*WIlliam Gehrlein**707-720 Social networks with two sets of actors***by*Dawn Iacobucci & Stanley Wasserman**721-726 A note on distributional properties of the Jöreskog-Sörbom fit indices***by*Sadhan Maiti & Bishwa Mukherjee**727-728 When can we trust theF-approximation of the box-test?***by*Friedrich Foerster & Gerhard Stemmler

### September 1990, Volume 55, Issue 3

**417-428 Majorization as a tool for optimizing a class of matrix functions***by*Henk Kiers**429-447 Inferential procedures for multifaceted coefficients of generalizability***by*Marsha Schroeder & A. Ralph Hakstian**449-460 Easy bayes estimation for rasch-type models***by*Robert Jannarone & Kai Yu & James Laughlin**461-475 Specifying optimum examinees for item parameter estimation in item response theory***by*Martha Stocking**477-494 Continuous and discrete latent structure models for item response data***by*Edward Haertel**495-515 Effect analysis and causation in linear structural equation models***by*Michael Sobel**517-518 The Problem of local optimality with OSMOD***by*Tatsuo Otsu & Takayuki Saito**519-531 Interpreting canonical correlation analysis through biplots of structure correlations and weights***by*Cajo Braak**533-549 A maximum likelihood approach to test validation with missing and censored dependent variables***by*Alan Gross**551-553 Matfit: A fortran subroutine for comparing two matrices in a subspace***by*J. Ramsay**555-558 Reviews***by*David Krackhardt**559-563 Reviews***by*Hoben Thomas

### June 1990, Volume 55, Issue 2

**195-215 Modeling item responses when different subjects employ different solution strategies***by*Robert Mislevy & Norman Verhelst**217-228 On the large sample distributions of modified sample biserial correlation coefficients***by*Edward Bedrick**229-253 A nonspatial methodology for the analysis of two-way proximity data incorporating the distance-density hypothesis***by*Wayne DeSarbo & Ajay Manrai & Raymond Burke**255-262 The direct product model for the mtmm matrix parameterized as a second order factor analysis model***by*Werner Wothke & Michael Browne**263-275 Analyzing sequential categorical data: Individual variation in markov chains***by*William Gradner**277-291 Noniterative estimation and the choice of the number of factors in exploratory factor analysis***by*Yutaka Kano**293-325 A new item response theory modeling approach with applications to unidimensionality assessment and ability estimation***by*William Strout**327-336 Some properties of estimated scale invariant covariance structures***by*t. Dijkstra**337-352 The robustness of estimates of total indirect effects in covariance structure models estimated by maximum***by*Clement Stone & Michael Sobel**353-370 A minimum-cost network-flow solution to the case V thurstone scaling problem***by*James Lattin**371-390 The effect of uncertainty of item parameter estimation on ability estimates***by*Robert Tsutakawa & Jane Johnson**391-403 Multivariate thurstonian models***by*Ulf Böckenholt**405-409 New lower and upper bounds for communality in factor analysis***by*Haruo Yanai & Masanori Ichikawa

### March 1990, Volume 55, Issue 1

**5-18 The Dutch Identity: A new tool for the study of item response models***by*Paul Holland**19-32 The robustness of the usual correction for restriction in range due to explicit selection***by*D. Holmes**33-44 A Monte Carlo investigation of conjoint analysis index-of-fit: Goodness of fit, significance and power***by*U. Umesh & Sanjay Mishra**45-51 A three-stage estimation procedure for structural equation models with polytomous variables***by*Sik-Yum Lee & Wai-Yin Poon & P. Bentler**53-63 Posterior probabilities for a consensus ordering***by*Michael Fligner & Joseph Verducci**65-74 A latent-trait based reliability estimate and upper bound***by*W. Nicewander**75-106 The many null distributions of person fit indices***by*Ivo Molenaar & Herbert Hoijtink**107-122 Latent curve analysis***by*William Meredith & John Tisak**123-149 Least squares metric, unidimensional scaling of multivariate linear models***by*Keith Poole**151-158 A generalization of Takane's algorithm for dedicom***by*Henk Kiers & Jos Berge & Yoshio Takane & Jan Leeuw**159-164 A note on the unbiased estimation of the intraclass correlation***by*John Donoghue & Linda Collins**167-168 Reviews***by*Anne Morin**169-172 Reviews***by*Pieter Kroonenberg**173-174 Reviews***by*James Steiger**175-176 Reviews***by*Joop Pligt & Els Schie**177-181 Reviews***by*Robert Gittins**182-183 Reviews***by*Ron Visser**184-188 Reviews***by*Gérard d'Aubigny**189-189 Errata***by*Huynh Huynh

### September 1989, Volume 54, Issue 4

**557-585 Latent variable modeling in heterogeneous populations***by*Bengt Muthén**587-598 Minimizing the number of observations: A generalization of the spearman-brown formula***by*P. Sanders & T. Theunissen & S. Baas**599-624 An irt-based model for dichotomous longitudinal data***by*Gerhard Fischer**625-633 Criterion-related construct validity***by*Paul Rosenbaum**635-659 Extensions of the partial credit model***by*C. Glas & N. Verhelst**661-679 The role of collateral information about examinees in item parameter estimation***by*Robert Mislevy & Kathleen Sheehan**681-697 Item bias detection using loglinear irt***by*Henk Kelderman**699-706 Clusteringn objects intok groups under optimal scaling of variables***by*Stef Buuren & Willem Heiser**707-736 A simulated annealing methodology for clusterwise linear regression***by*Wayne DeSarbo & Richard Oliver & Arvind Rangaswamy**737-750 Ordinal network representation: Representing proximities by graphs***by*Karl Klauer**751-754 The equivalence of two methods of parameter estimation for the rasch model***by*Larry Blackwood & Edwin Bradley**755-756 Principals versus osmod: A comment on saito and otsu***by*Warren Kuhfeld & Forrest Young**765-766 Minutes Psychometric Society Business Meeting July 7, 1989***by*Mark Reckase

### September 1989, Volume 54, Issue 3

**371-384 Model modification***by*Dag Sörbom**385-396 Using item-specific instructional information in achievement modeling***by*Bengt Muthén**397-407 Inferential theory for partially disattenuated correlation coefficients***by*A. Hakstian & Marsha Schroeder & W. Rogers**409-425 Pseudo maximum likelihood estimation and a test for misspecification in mean and covariance structure models***by*Gerhard Arminger & Ronald Schoenberg**427-450 Weighted likelihood estimation of ability in item response theory***by*Thomas Warm**451-466 A stochastic growth model applied to repeated tests of academic knowledge***by*W. Albers & R. Does & Tj. Imbos & M. Janssen**467-473 Alternating least squares algorithms for simultaneous components analysis with equal component weight matrices in two or more populations***by*Henk Kiers & Jos Berge**475-485 Influential observations in principal factor analysis***by*Yutaka Tanaka & Yoshimasa Odaka**487-499 A comparison of three simple test theory models***by*J. Ramsay**501-513 Robust multidimensional scaling***by*Ian Spence & Stephan Lewandowsky**515-521 An alternating least squares algorithm for fitting the two- and three-way dedicom model and the idioscal model***by*Henk Kiers**523-530 A mixture model for distributions of correlation coefficients***by*Hoben Thomas**537-538 Reviews***by*Wolfgang Polasek**539-541 Reviews***by*Jan Leeuw**542-545 Reviews***by*F. Ashby**546-548 Reviews***by*Paul Thompson

### June 1989, Volume 54, Issue 2

**181-202 Factor and ideal point analysis for interpersonally incomparable data***by*Henry Brady**203-215 An entropy approach to the scaling of ordinal categorical data***by*T. Jefferson & J. May & N. Ravi**217-229 A quasi-nonmetric method for multidimensional scaling VIA an extended euclidean model***by*Suzanne Winsberg & J. Douglas Carroll**231-235 Convergence properties of an iterative procedure of ipsatizing and standardizing a data matrix, with applications to parafac/candecomp preprocessing***by*Jos Berge & Henk Kiers**237-247 A maximin model for IRT-based test design with practical constraints***by*Wim Linden & Ellen Boekkooi-Timminga**249-259 Incorporating prior theory in covariance structure analysis: A bayesian approach***by*Claes Fornell & Roland Rust**261-281 Exploratory longitudinal factor analysis in multiple populations***by*John Tisak & William Meredith**283-303 A latent trait theory via a stochastic learning theory for a knowledge space***by*Keam-Claude Falmagne**305-315 Comparing the variances of dependent groups***by*Rand Wilcox**317-332 Conditions for rasch-dichotomizability of the unidimensional polytomous rasch model***by*Edward Roskam & Paul Jansen**333-337 Fitting the off-diagonal dedicom model in the least-squares sense by a generalization of the harman and jones minres procedure of factor analysis***by*Jos Berge & Henk Kiers**339-343 An improved solution for factals: A nonmetric common factor analysis***by*Klaas Nevels**345-348 An algorithm for comparing medians***by*Ventura Charlin & Rand Wilcox**355-358 Reviews***by*Frank Critchley**359-360 Reviews***by*Hans-Georg Geissler**361-362 Reviews***by*Jan Rijckevorsel**363-364 Reviews***by*David Messick

### March 1989, Volume 54, Issue 1

**9-23 On the partitioning of squared Euclidean distance and its applications in cluster analysis***by*Randy Carter & Robin Morris & Roger Blashfield**25-51 Netscal: A network scaling algorithm for nonsymmetric proximity data***by*J. Hutchinson**53-61 Least-squares approximation of an improper correlation matrix by a proper one***by*Dirk Knol & Jos Berge**63-73 Simultaneous analysis of multivariate polytomous variates in several groups***by*Sik-Yum Lee & Wai-Yin Poon & P. Bentler**75-91 Ordinal consistency and ordinal true scores***by*Norman Cliff**93-104 Association coefficients of identity and proportionality for metric scales***by*Robert Fagot & Robert Mazo**105-129 A stochastic multidimensional scaling vector threshold model for the spatial representation of “pick any/n” data***by*Wayne DeSarbo & Jaewun Cho**131-151 Alternative test criteria in covariance structure analysis: A unified approach***by*Albert Satorra**153-163 A note on reliability estimation for a test with components of unknown functional lengths***by*Michelle Liou**165-166 Review***by*J. Daudin**167-173 Review***by*Steven Hunt

### December 1988, Volume 53, Issue 4

**437-454 Multivariate analysis with linearizable regressions***by*Jan Leeuw**455-467 A general model for the analysis of multilevel data***by*Harvey Goldstein & Roderick McDonald**469-486 The mixed model for multivariate repeated measures: validity conditions and an approximate test***by*Robert Boik**487-494 Generalized approaches to the maxbet problem and the maxdiff problem, with applications to canonical correlations***by*Jos Berge**495-502 The area between two item characteristic curves***by*Nambury Raju**503-524 Canonical analysis of two convex polyhedral cones and applications***by*Michel Tenenhaus**525-546 The derivation of some tests for the rasch model from the multinomial distribution***by*Cees Glas**547-552 On the sensitivity of a composite to its weights***by*Raymond Koopman**553-562 Consistent estimation in the rasch model based on nonparametric margins***by*Dean Follmann**563-577 Testing the assumptions underlying tetrachoric correlations***by*Bengt Muthén & Charles Hofacker**579-583 Explicit candecomp/parafac solutions for a contrived 2 × 2 × 2 array of rank three***by*Jos Berge & Henk Kiers & Jan Leeuw**585-589 Properties of the maximum likelihood solution in factor analysis regression***by*Michael Browne**591-591 Review***by*Yves Escoufier**593-593 Exploratory analysis of contingency tables by loglinear formulation and generalizations of correspondence analysis***by*Vartan Choulakian

### September 1988, Volume 53, Issue 3

**305-320 A reformulation of the general Euclidean model for the external analysis of preference data***by*Mark Davison**321-325 Sample size determinations for the two rater kappa statistic***by*V. Flack & A. Afifi & P. Lachenbruch & H. Schouten**327-348 Rating scale analysis with latent class models***by*Jürgen Rost**349-359 Items bundles***by*Paul Rosenbaum**361-381 Hierarchical classes: Model and data analysis***by*Paul Boeck & Seymour Rosenberg**383-392 Two-group classification in latent trait theory: Scores with monotone likelihood ratio***by*D. Grayson**393-405 Eta, disco, odisco, andF***by*Louis Guttman**407-415 FACAIC: Model selection algorithm for the orthogonal factor model using AIC and CAIC***by*Hamparsum Bozdogan & Donald Ramirez**417-423 The adjusted rand statistic: A SAS macro***by*Dennis Fisher & Paul Hoffman**427-428 Review***by*Gerda Berg & Robert Tijssen

### June 1988, Volume 53, Issue 2

**149-152 J. P. Guilford (1897–1987)***by*Andrew Comrey & William Michael & Benjamin Fruchter**153-159 Louis E. Guttman (1916–1987)***by*James Lingoes & Ledyard Tucker & Samuel Shye**161-176 Optimal appropriateness measurement***by*Michael Levine & Fritz Drasgow**177-197 Homogeneity analysis withk sets of variables: An alternating least squares method with optimal scaling features***by*Eeke Burg & Jan Leeuw & Renée Verdegaal**199-208 Multidimensional rotation and scaling of configurations to optimal agreement***by*Edmund Peay**209-221 A model for repeat paired comparison preference tests***by*Bruce Buchanan**223-233 Correspondence analysis of incomplete contingency tables***by*Jan Leeuw & Peter Heijden**235-250 Exploratory analysis of contingency tables by loglinear formulation and generalizations of correspondence analysis***by*Vartan Choulakian**251-259 Quartic rotation criteria and algorithms***by*Douglas Clarkson & Robert Jennrich**261-282 Sequential social network data***by*Stanley Wasserman & Dawn Iacobucci**283-285 A note to Bollen's alternative fit measure***by*Ingo Balderjahn**287-291 Comment on “Correspondence analysis used complementary to loglinear analysis”***by*Peter Heijden & Keith Worsley**293-295 Review***by*Peter Bentler**296-297 Review***by*Suzanne Winsberg**301-301 Maximum likelihood estimation of multivariate polyserial and polychoric correlation coefficients***by*Wai-Yin Poon & Sik-Yum Lee

### March 1988, Volume 53, Issue 1

**5-25 A method of optimal scaling for multivariate ordinal data and its extensions***by*Takayuki Saito & Tatsuo Otsu**27-43 Inferential procedures for correlation coefficients corrected for attenuation***by*A. Hakstian & Marsha Schroeder & W. Rogers**45-62 Latent class models for nonmonotone dichotomous items***by*Anton Formann**63-70 Internal consistency of tests: Analyses old and new***by*Lee Cronbach**71-92 Test theory without an answer key***by*William Batchelder & A. Romney**93-107 Aggregate item response analysis***by*Gordon Bechtel & Chezy Ofir**109-122 Some properties of two measures of multivariate association***by*Willem Burg & Charles Lewis**123-134 Component analysis in cross-sectional and longitudinal data***by*Roger Millsap & William Meredith**135-136 Reviews***by*Stephen Hirtle**137-141 Reviews***by*Phipps Arabie & David Cross**142-144 Reviews***by*Cam-Loi Huynh

### December 1987, Volume 52, Issue 4

**493-513 Analysis of contingency tables by ideal point discriminant analysis***by*Yoshio Takane**515-520 Some properties of the correlation matrix of dichotomous guttman items***by*Rebecca Zwick**521-538 Measurement error and ANCOVA: Functional and structural relationship approaches***by*Jeroen Raaijmakers & Jo Pieters**539-554 An incomplete data approach to the analysis of covariance structures***by*H. Kiiveri**555-564 A generalized method of image analysis from an intercorrelation matrix which may be singular***by*Haruo Yanai & Bishwa Mukherjee