# Springer

# Psychometrika

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### 1987, Volume 52, Issue 4

**521-538 Measurement error and ANCOVA: Functional and structural relationship approaches***by*Jeroen Raaijmakers & Jo Pieters**539-554 An incomplete data approach to the analysis of covariance structures***by*H. Kiiveri**555-564 A generalized method of image analysis from an intercorrelation matrix which may be singular***by*Haruo Yanai & Bishwa Mukherjee**565-587 Applying the principles of specific objectivity and of generalizability to the measurement of change***by*Gerhard Fischer**589-617 A nonparametric approach for assessing latent trait unidimensionality***by*William Stout**627-628 Minutes of the 1987 annual business meeting of the Psychometric Society***by*Mark Reckase

### 1987, Volume 52, Issue 3

**316-316 Introduction to special section***by*Yoshio Takane**317-332 Factor analysis and AIC***by*Hirotugu Akaike**333-343 Application of model-selection criteria to some problems in multivariate analysis***by*Stanley Sclove**345-370 Model selection and Akaike's Information Criterion (AIC): The general theory and its analytical extensions***by*Hamparsum Bozdogan**371-392 Ideal point discriminant analysis***by*Yoshio Takane & Hamparsum Bozdogan & Tadashi Shibayama**393-408 On the relationship between item response theory and factor analysis of discretized variables***by*Yoshio Takane & Jan Leeuw**409-430 Maximum likelihood estimation of multivariate polyserial and polychoric correlation coefficients***by*Wai-Yin Poon & Sik-Yum Lee**431-462 On structural equation modeling with data that are not missing completely at random***by*Bengt Muthén & David Kaplan & Michael Hollis**463-468 Heuristic method for label placement in scatterplots***by*Elliot Noma**469-476 Tableau algorithms for factor analysis by instrumental variable methods***by*Robert Jennrich**479-485 Reviews***by*Henk Kiers & Jos Berge & A. Coxon

### 1987, Volume 52, Issue 2

**165-181 A rasch model for continuous ratings***by*Hans Müller**183-191 Some additional results on principal components analysis of three-mode data by means of alternating least squares algorithms***by*Jos Berge & Jan Leeuw & Pieter Kroonenberg**193-206 Bug distribution and statistical pattern classification***by*Kikumi Tatsuoka & Maurice Tatsuoka**207-215 The choice of constraints in correspondence analysis***by*Harvey Goldstein**217-233 Comparing item characteristic curves***by*Paul Rosenbaum**235-249 Mathematical formulation of multivariate euclidean models for discrimination methods***by*Kenneth Mullen & Daniel Ennis**251-261 Retrospective questions and correlations***by*Dirk Sikkel & Gerard Jelierse**263-267 On the inhomogeneity of a test compounded of two Rasch homogeneous subscales***by*Anton Formann & Ilse Rop**269-271 A note on latent trait theory and Bowker's test***by*William Meredith & Laura Sands**275-291 A comparison of the efficiency and accuracy of BILOG and LOGIST***by*Wendy Yen**293-301 CDAscal: An algorithm for assessing the correspondence of one or more vectors to a symmetric matrix using ordinal regression***by*Thomas Reynolds & David Weeks & Steve Perkins**302-309 Reviews***by*Murray Aitkin & I. Borg & Donna Hoffman

### 1987, Volume 52, Issue 1

**3-18 Conformity of two sociometric relations***by*Stanley Wasserman**19-41 Structure in semantic memory: A probabilistic approach using a continuous response task***by*Roger Millsap & William Meredith**43-59 Analytic smoothing for equipercentile equating under the common item nonequivalent populations design***by*Michael Kolen & David Jarjoura**61-78 A model for repeat trial product tests***by*Bruce Buchanan**79-97 Reliability of test scores in nonparametric item response theory***by*Klaas Sijtsma & Ivo Molenaar**99-111 Improper solutions in the analysis of covariance structures: Their interpretability and a comparison of alternate respecifications***by*David Gerbing & James Anderson**113-124 Trend in correlated proportions***by*Robert Gibbons & R. Bock**125-135 The rank of reduced dispersion matrices***by*Paul Bekker & Jan Leeuw**137-150 Three technical word processors***by*Robert Cudeck & Dennis McGuire**151-160 Reviews***by*Jan deLeeuw & Dorota Dabrowska & Norbert Tanzer & Leo Kamp**161-161 Sample size and Bentler and Bonett's nonnormed fit index***by*Kenneth Bollen

### 1986, Volume 51, Issue 4

**511-512 Melvin R. Novick (1932–1986)***by*Charles Lewis**513-534 Describing the elephant: Structure and function in multivariate data***by*Roderick McDonald**535-547 Transformation to achieve a longitudinally stationary factor pattern matrix***by*Stephen Bieber & William Meredith**549-557 Correlation coefficients for more than one scale type: An alternative to the Janson and Vegelius approach***by*Frits Zegers & Jos Berge**559-562 A family of chance-corrected association coefficients for metric scales***by*Frits Zegers**563-566 A new estimator of the uniqueness in factor analysis***by*Masamori Ihara & Yutaka Kano**567-577 A taxonomy of item response models***by*David Thissen & Lynne Steinberg**579-588 Testing equality of correlated proportions with incomplete data on both responses***by*Dinesh Bhoj & Tom Snijders**589-601 Bayesian estimation in the three-parameter logistic model***by*Hariharan Swaminathan & Janice Gifford**603-605 A caveat on the use of a revised bootstrap algorithm***by*Mark Schluchter & Alan Forsythe**607-611 A note on the identification of restricted factor loading matrices***by*Paul Bekker**619-620 1986 annual business meeting of the Psychometric Society***by*Cynthia Null

### 1986, Volume 51, Issue 3

**347-356 Regression estimation and post-stratification in factor analysis***by*C. Skinner**357-373 Conjunctive item response theory kernels***by*Robert Jannarone**375-377 Sample size and bentler and Bonett's nonnormed fit index***by*Kenneth Bollen**379-391 Comparing variances of correlated variables***by*Ayala Cohen**393-413 Tests for equality of several alpha coefficients when their sample estimates are dependent***by*David Woodruff & Leonard Feldt**415-428 Dynamic structural systems under indirect observation: identifiability and estimation aspects from a system theoretic perspective***by*Pieter Otter**429-451 Extended similarity trees***by*James Corter & Amos Tversky**453-466 Nominal scale agreement among observers***by*Hubert Schouten**467-474 A binomial test for hierarchical dependency***by*Roland Guay & George McCabe**475-478 On the reliability of the extreme score***by*Huynh Huynh**479-481 A note on Roy's largest root***by*Warren Kuhfeld**483-491 A two-stage algorithm for assessing violations of additivity via axiomatic and numerical conjoint analysis***by*Thomas Nygren**495-497 Reviews***by*Abby Israëls**498-499 Reviews***by*Erich Labouvie**501-502 Reviews***by*Ab Mooijaart

### 1986, Volume 51, Issue 2

**177-195 Bayes modal estimation in item response models***by*Robert Mislevy**197-207 Information and preference in partial orders: A bimatrix representation***by*Wade Cook & Moshe Kress & Lawrence Seiford**209-240 Differential ordering of objects and attributes***by*J. Sutcliffe**241-250 An efficient alternating least-squares algorithm to perform multidimensional unfolding***by*Michael Greenacre & Michael Browne**251-267 Bayesian estimation of item response curves***by*Robert Tsutakawa & Hsin Lin**269-275 An approach ton-mode components analysis***by*Arie Kapteyn & Heinz Neudecker & Tom Wansbeek**277-284 A gauss-newton algorithm for exploratory factor analysis***by*Robert Jennrich**285-311 Principal components analysis of sampled functions***by*Philippe Besse & J. Ramsay**313-325 Self-selection biases in correlational studies based on questionnaires***by*Roger Bowden**327-329 A direct solution for pairwise rotations in Kaiser's varimax method***by*Klaas Nevels**331-333 The occurrence of an increase in correlation with explicit selection***by*Dennis McGuire**335-339 A note on the computation of the second-order derivatives of the elementary symmetric functions in the rasch model***by*Anton Formann**341-343 Reviews***by*Howard Wainer & Laurent Wainer

### 1986, Volume 51, Issue 1

**3-6 Present at the birth***by*Paul Horst**7-10 Psychology as a quantitative rational science (excerpts)***by*L. Thurstone**11-22 Test theory and psychometrika: The past twenty-five years***by*Charles Lewis**23-33 Factor analysis and Psychometrika: Major developments***by*Stanley Mulaik**35-51 Structural modeling and psychometrika: An historical perspective on growth and achievements***by*P. Bentler**53-56 Statistics, data analysis and Psychometrika: Major developments***by*Mark Appelbaum**57-63 Scaling and Psychometrika: Spatial and alternative representations of similarity data***by*Warren Torgerson**65-68 Models, computers and policies: Fifty years of Psychometrika***by*Bert Green**69-91 Latent trait models and dichotomization of graded responses***by*Paul Jansen & Edward Roskam**93-99 Estimation for structural equation models with missing data***by*Sik-Yum Lee**101-112 Assessing the correspondence of one or more vectors to a symmetric matrix using ordinal regression***by*Thomas Reynolds & Kenneth Sutrick**113-121 Maximum likelihood estimation of polyserial correlations***by*Sik-Yum Lee & Wai-Yin Poon**123-135 On scaling models applied to data from several groups***by*Clifford Clogg & Leo Goodman**137-141 Probability-of-coverage tolerance intervals for the beta binomial***by*David Jarjoura**143-147 A note on structural models for the circumplex***by*Robert Cudeck**149-153 An upper bound for sstress***by*Jan Leeuw & Bert Bettonvil**155-161 Metric and nonmetric plotting models***by*Warren Kuhfeld**163-170 A PROC MATRIX program for preference-dissimilarity multidimensional scaling***by*J. Ramsey

### 1985, Volume 50, Issue 4

**383-397 Considerations in psychometric modeling of response time***by*Bruce Bloxom**399-410 Increasing item complexity: A possible cause of scale shrinkage for unidimensional item response theory***by*Wendy Yen**411-420 Binary programming and test design***by*T. Theunissen**421-427 An application of order restricted inference methodology to a problem in psychiatry***by*Tim Robertson & Giles Warrack**429-447 Correspondence analysis used complementary to loglinear analysis***by*Peter Heijden & Jan Leeuw**449-467 Combinatorial data analysis: Association and partial association***by*Lawrence Hubert**469-477 Iterative least squares estimates of communality: Initial estimate need not affect stabilized value***by*Keith Widaman & Lawrence Herringer**479-494 External analysis with three-mode principal component models***by*Willem Kloot & Pieter Kroonenberg**495-507 On component analyses***by*William Meredith & Roger Millsap**509-537 Statistical consistency and hypothesis testing for nonmetric multidimensional scaling***by*Henry Brady**539-542 A note on the determination of configuration and weights for a class of individual scaling models***by*Vina Vani & M. Raghavachari

### 1985, Volume 50, Issue 3

**253-263 On the multivariate asymptotic distribution of sequential Chi-square statistics***by*James Steiger & Alexander Shapiro & Michael Browne**265-274 Allowing for infeasible pairings in the matching paradigm***by*Raphael Gillett**275-300 Three-way metric unfolding via alternating weighted least squares***by*Wayne DeSarbo & J. Douglas Carroll**301-321 A constrained spline estimator of a hazard function***by*Bruce Bloxom**323-342 Factor analysis for non-normal variables***by*Ab Mooijaart**343-348 On more powerful tests of judge agreement with a known standard***by*David Robinson**349-364 Bayesian estimation in the two-parameter logistic model***by*Hariharan Swaminathan & Janice Gifford**365-366 A still further note on freeman's measure of association***by*Jane Buck & Stephen Finner**371-377 Reviews***by*Jan Leeuw & Shizuhiko Nishisato

### 1985, Volume 50, Issue 2

**147-158 Axiomatic foundations of a three-set guttman simplex model with applicability to longitudinal data***by*Linda Collins & Norman Cliff**159-179 An examination of procedures for determining the number of clusters in a data set***by*Glenn Milligan & Martha Cooper**181-202 A dynamic factor model for the analysis of multivariate time series***by*Peter Molenaar**203-228 Understanding correlates of change by modeling individual differences in growth***by*David Rogosa & John Willett**229-242 Nonconvergence, improper solutions, and starting values in lisrel maximum likelihood estimation***by*Anne Boomsma**243-244 A note on the asymptotic distribution of the greatest lower bound to reliability***by*Alexander Shapiro**245-246 On the greatest lower bound to reliability***by*P. Bentler & J. Woodward**247-249 A note on the asymptotic variance-covariance matrix of item parameter estimates in the rasch model***by*Dato Gruijter

### 1985, Volume 50, Issue 1

**3-16 Estimating latent correlations between repeated testings***by*Erling Andersen**17-24 A family of association coefficients for metric scales***by*Frits Zegers & Jos Berge**25-36 Least-squares theory based on general distributional assumptions with an application to the incomplete observations problem***by*B. Praag & T. Dijkstra & J. Velzen**37-49 A latent class model for rating data***by*Jürgen Rost**51-56 The simultaneous maximization of congruence for two or more matrices under orthogonal rotation***by*Frank Brokken**57-68 Estimating the imputed social cost of errors of measurement***by*Frederic Lord**69-82 A comparison of latent trait and latent class analyses of Likert-type data***by*Geofferey Masters**83-90 Power of the likelihood ratio test in covariance structure analysis***by*Albert Satorra & Willem Saris**91-119 An analysis and synthesis of multiple correspondence analysis, optimal scaling, dual scaling, homogeneity analysis and other methods for quantifying categorical multivariate data***by*Michel Tenenhaus & Forrest Young**121-122 On the relationship between Fortier's simultaneous linear prediction and van den Wollenberg's redundancy analysis***by*Jos Berge**123-127 An algorithm for generating artificial test clusters***by*Glenn Milligan**133-140 Review***by*J. Carroll**141-141 Review***by*Bert Green**142-143 Review***by*James Steiger

### 1984, Volume 49, Issue 4

**449-473 Statistical applications of linear assignment***by*Lawrence Hubert**475-491 Confidence regions for INDSCAL using the jackknife and bootstrap techniques***by*Sharon Weinberg & J. Carroll & Harvey Cohen**493-500 A note on dual scaling of successive categories data***by*Shizuhiko Nishisato & Wen-Jenn Sheu**501-519 A response model for multiple choice items***by*David Thissen & Lynne Steinberg**521-528 The analysis of structural equation models by means of derivative free nonlinear least squares***by*Sik-Yum Lee & Robert Jennrich**529-544 The essential process in a family of measurement models***by*Geofferey Masters & Benjamin Wright**549-550 Minutes of the 1984 annual business meeting of the psychometric society***by*Mark Appelbaum

### 1984, Volume 49, Issue 3

**289-310 The estimation of ultrametric and path length trees from rectangular proximity data***by*Geert Soete & Wayne DeSarbo & George Furnas & J. Carroll**311-323 Least squares metric, unidimensional unfolding***by*Keith Poole**325-330 A loss function for alpha factor analysis***by*Gerhard Derflinger**331-346 Redundancy analysis for qualitative variables***by*Abby Israels**347-358 A joint treatment of varimax rotation and the problem of diagonalizing symmetric matrices simultaneously in the least-squares sense***by*Jos Berge**359-381 Estimating latent distributions***by*Robert Mislevy**383-390 On the geometric approach to multivariate selection***by*C. Skinner**391-402 Upper bounds for Kruskal's stress***by*Jan Leeuw & Ineke Stoop**403-423 Matrix correlation***by*J. Ramsay & Jos Berge & G. Styan**425-435 Testing the conditional independence and monotonicity assumptions of item response theory***by*Paul Rosenbaum**437-437 Forced classification: A simple application of a quantification method***by*Shizuhiko Zishisato

### 1984, Volume 49, Issue 2

**155-173 The effect of sampling error on convergence, improper solutions, and goodness-of-fit indices for maximum likelihood confirmatory factor analysis***by*James Anderson & David Gerbing**175-186 A general latent trait model for response processes***by*Susan Embretson (Whitely)**187-215 Constrained classification: The use of a priori information in cluster analysis***by*Wayne DeSarbo & Vijay Mahajan**217-222 A family of differentiation indices***by*Ronaldo Iachan**223-245 Loglinear Rasch model tests***by*Hendrikus Kelderman**247-255 An interactive preference ordering model and its monte carlo evaluation***by*Thomas Reynolds & Norman Cliff**257-267 Tests of sphericity of normal distributions and the analysis of repeated measures designs***by*A. Grieve**269-272 A comment on ‘some standard errors in item response theory’***by*Dato Gruijter**273-275 An alternative test for multisample sphericity***by*P. Harris**277-280 Reviews***by*Lawrence Jones**281-283 Reviews***by*Frederic Lord**284-284 Reviews***by*J. Ramsay

### 1984, Volume 49, Issue 1

**11-24 The comparison of interdependent correlations between optimal linear composites***by*James Steiger & Michael Browne**25-36 Forced classification: A simple application of a quantification method***by*Shizuhiko Nishisato**37-47 Using phantom and imaginary latent variables to parameterize constraints in linear structural models***by*David Rindskopf**49-55 Orthogonal rotations to maximal agreement for two or more matrices of different column orders***by*Jos Berge & Dirk Knol**57-78 Synthesized clustering: A method for amalgamating alternative clustering bases with differential weighting of variables***by*Wayne DeSarbo & J. Carroll & Linda Clark & Paul Green**79-94 Linear relations amongk sets of variables***by*John Geer**95-110 Caution indices based on item response theory***by*Kikumi Tatsuoka**111-113 Differentiability of Kruskal's stress at a local minimum***by*Jan Leeuw**115-132 A general structural equation model with dichotomous, ordered categorical, and continuous latent variable indicators***by*Bengt Muthén**133-141 On approximate confidence intervals for measures of concordance***by*Albert Palachek & William Schucany**143-145 The nonconvergence of factals: A nonmetric common factor analysis***by*Ab Mooijaart**147-152 On tests for correlated proportions in the presence of incomplete data***by*D. Gokhale & B. Sirtonik

### 1983, Volume 48, Issue 4

**493-517 Some contributions to efficient statistics in structural models: Specification and estimation of moment structures***by*P. Bentler**519-523 A generalization of Kristof's theorem on the trace of certain matrix products***by*Jos Berge**525-539 Best linear prediction of composite universe scores***by*David Jarjoura**541-552 Some types of clustering with relational constraints***by*Anuška Ferligoj & Vladimir Batagelj**553-566 A maximum likelihood method for fitting the wandering vector model***by*Geert Soete & J. Carroll**567-574 Parameter estimation in latent trait models***by*Steven Rigdon & Robert Tsutakawa**575-595 Monotone spline transformations for dimension reduction***by*S. Winsberg & J. Ramsay**597-605 A new algorithm for the least-squares solution in factor analysis***by*Masashi Okamoto & Masamori Ihara**607-620 Two logit models for external analysis of preferences***by*Lee Cooper & Masao Nakanishi**621-626 A least squares algorithm for fitting additive trees to proximity data***by*Geert Soete**627-629 A note on the nonmetric analysis of psychological intervals for an unknown ordering of stimuli***by*Randall Bissett & Bruce Schneider**631-638 A generalization of Verhelst's solution for a constrained regression problem in alscal and related MDS-algorithms***by*Jos Berge**639-641 On the standard error of the modified biserial correlation***by*Raymond Koopman**653-654 Minutes of the 1983 annual business meeting of the Psychometric Society***by*Mark Appelbaum

### 1983, Volume 48, Issue 3

**315-342 A second generation nonlinear factor analysis***by*Jamshid Etezadi-Amoli & Roderick McDonald**343-352 Orthogonal procrustes rotation maximizing congruence***by*Frank Brokken**353-369 Tau-equivalence and equipercentile equating***by*Wendy Yen**371-375 On Green's best linear composites with a specified structure, and oblique estimates of factor scores***by*Jos Berge