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The Effect of Relative Age in the First Grade of Primary School on Long-Term Scholastic Results: International Comparative Evidence using PISA 2003

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  • Sprietsma, Maresa

Abstract

In this paper, we estimate the effect of pupil?s relative age within the first grade of primary school on math and reading test scores at age 15. The main objective is to evaluate the long-term causal effect of relative age in the first grades of primary school on pupil?s test in 16 different countries. We use the national rule for admission to primary school to construct the predicted relative age of each pupil. We find that relative age at the start of primary school has a significant positive effect on test scores in most countries. Moreover, we identify some of the channels through which the effect occurs.

Suggested Citation

  • Sprietsma, Maresa, 2007. "The Effect of Relative Age in the First Grade of Primary School on Long-Term Scholastic Results: International Comparative Evidence using PISA 2003," ZEW Discussion Papers 07-037, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:5696
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    6. Joshua D. Angrist, 2004. "American Education Research Changes Tack," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 20(2), pages 198-212, Summer.
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    8. KAWAGUCHI Daiji, 2006. "The Effect of Age at School Entry on Education and Income," ESRI Discussion paper series 162, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    pupil performance; relative age; international comparison;

    JEL classification:

    • I29 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Other
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education

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