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Volatility Patterns of CDS, Bond and Stock Markets Before and During the Financial Crisis – Evidence from Major Financial Institutions

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  • Belke, Ansgar
  • Gokus, Christian

Abstract

This study is motivated by the development of credit-related instruments and signals of stock price movements of large banks during the recent financial crisis. What is common to most of the empirical studies in this field is that they concentrate on modeling the conditional mean. However, financial time series exhibit certain stylized features such as volatility clustering. But very few studies dealing with credit default swaps account for the characteristics of the variances. Our aim is to address this issue and to gain insights on the volatility patterns of CDS spreads, bond yield spreads and stock prices. A generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (GARCH) model is applied to the data of four large US banks over the period ranging from January 01, 2006, to December 31, 2009. More specifically, a multivariate GARCH approach fits the data very well and also accounts for the dependency structure of the variables under consideration. With the commonly known shortcomings of credit ratings, the demand for market-based indicators has risen as they can help to assess the creditworthiness of debtors more reliably. The obtained findings suggest that volatility takes a significant higher level in times of crisis. This is particularly evident in the variances of stock returns and CDS spread changes. Furthermore, correlations and covariances are time-varying and also increased in absolute values after the outbreak of the crisis, indicating stronger dependency among the examined variables. Specific events which have a huge impact on the financial markets as a whole (e.g. the collapse of Lehman Brothers) are also visible in the (co)variances and correlations as strong movements in the respective series.

Suggested Citation

  • Belke, Ansgar & Gokus, Christian, 2011. "Volatility Patterns of CDS, Bond and Stock Markets Before and During the Financial Crisis – Evidence from Major Financial Institutions," Ruhr Economic Papers 243, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:rwirep:243
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    Cited by:

    1. Miroslav Mateev, 2019. "Volatility relation between credit default swap and stock market: new empirical tests," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 43(4), pages 681-712, October.
    2. Benjamin Hippert & André Uhde & Sascha Tobias Wengerek, 2019. "Portfolio benefits of adding corporate credit default swap indices: evidence from North America and Europe," Review of Derivatives Research, Springer, vol. 22(2), pages 203-259, July.
    3. Arkady Gevorkyan & Willi Semmler, 2016. "Macroeconomic variables and the sovereign risk premia in EMU, non-EMU EU, and developed countries," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 43(1), pages 1-35, February.
    4. Tiwari, Aviral Kumar & Cunado, Juncal & Gupta, Rangan & Wohar, Mark E., 2018. "Volatility spillovers across global asset classes: Evidence from time and frequency domains," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 194-202.
    5. Amer Demirovic & Ali Kabiri & David Tuckett & Rickard Nyman, 2020. "A common risk factor and the correlation between equity and corporate bond returns," Journal of Asset Management, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 21(2), pages 119-134, March.
    6. Demirovic, Amer & Guermat, Cherif & Tucker, Jon, 2017. "The relationship between equity and bond returns: An empirical investigation," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 47-64.
    7. Gündüz, Yalin & Kaya, Orcun, 2013. "Sovereign default swap market efficiency and country risk in the eurozone," Discussion Papers 08/2013, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    8. George S. Atsalakis & Eftychios E. Protopapadakis & Kimon P. Valavanis, 2016. "Stock trend forecasting in turbulent market periods using neuro-fuzzy systems," Operational Research, Springer, vol. 16(2), pages 245-269, July.
    9. Gündüz, Yalin & Kaya, Orcun, 2014. "Impacts of the financial crisis on eurozone sovereign CDS spreads," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(PB), pages 425-442.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    bond markets; credit default swaps; credit risk; financial crisis; GARCH; stock markets; volatility;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage

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