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Constrained vs Unconstrained Labor Supply: The Economics of Dual Job Holding

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  • Choe, Chung
  • Oaxaca, Ronald L.
  • Renna, Francesco

Abstract

This paper develops a unified model of dual and unitary job holding based on a Stone-Geary utility function. The model incorporates both constrained and unconstrained labor supply. Panel data methods are adapted to accommodate unobserved heterogeneity and multinomial selection into 6 mutually exclusive labor supply regimes. We estimate the wage and income elasticities arising from selection and unobserved heterogeneity as well as from the Stone-Geary Slutsky equations. The labor supply model is estimated with data from the British Household Panel Survey 1991- 2008. Among dual job holders, our study finds that the Stone-Geary income and wage elasticities are much larger for labor supply to the second job compared with the main job. When the effects of selection and unobserved heterogeneity are taken account of, the magnitudes of these elasticities on the second job tend to be significantly reduced.

Suggested Citation

  • Choe, Chung & Oaxaca, Ronald L. & Renna, Francesco, 2017. "Constrained vs Unconstrained Labor Supply: The Economics of Dual Job Holding," GLO Discussion Paper Series 139, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:139
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Renna Francesco & Oaxaca Ronald L. & Choe Chung, 2023. "Is There a Business Cycle Effect on the Incidence of Dual Job Holding?," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 23(2), pages 443-465, April.
    2. Gregory Gilpin, 2020. "Policy‐Induced School Calendar Changes and Teacher Moonlighting," Southern Economic Journal, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 86(3), pages 989-1018, January.
    3. Chung Choe & Ronald L. Oaxaca & Francesco Renna, 2018. "Constrained vs unconstrained labor supply: the economics of dual job holding," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 31(4), pages 1279-1319, October.
    4. Gregory Gilpin, 2018. "Policy-induced School Calendar Changes and Teacher Moonlighting," CAEPR Working Papers 2018-009, Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research, Department of Economics, Indiana University Bloomington.
    5. Kawakami, Atsushi, 2019. "Multiple job holding as a strategy for skills development," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 73-83.
    6. Merja Kauhanen, 2021. "Multiple job holding in the changing labour market Рevidence from Finland," Working Papers 331, Ty̦n ja talouden tutkimus LABORE, The Labour Institute for Economic Research LABORE.
    7. Choe, Chung & Oaxaca, Ronald L. & Renna, Francesco, 2020. "Income Taxation and Dual Job Labour Supply," IZA Discussion Papers 13107, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    8. Philipp Lentge, 2022. "Second job holding in Germany – a persistent feature?," Working Paper Series in Economics 416, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    dual job; labor supply; Stone-Geary; hours constraint;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J49 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Other

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