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Multiple Job-holding among Male Workers in Greece


  • Ilias Livanos
  • Alexandros Zangelidis


Livanos I. and Zangelidis A. Multiple job-holding among male workers in Greece, Regional Studies . This paper studies the incidence of multiple job-holding in Greece and contributes to the literature by examining its determinants, its variance across different regions, and the effect of the business cycle on its occurrence. The empirical analysis highlights the importance of both pecuniary and non-pecuniary motives behind multiple job-holding, and reveals significant variations in its incidence across regions, with areas that have a large primary sector having higher multiple job-holding rates. Finally, multiple job-holding is found to be pro-cyclical, with the probability of holding a second job estimated to increase during economic expansion. Livanos I. et Zangelidis A. Les emplois multiples masculins en Grèce, Regional Studies . L'article cherche à étudier la fréquence des emplois multiples en Grèce et contribue à la documentation en examinant ses déterminants, sa variance à travers les diverses régions, et l'impact du cycle économique. L'analyse empirique souligne l'importance des raisons pécuniaires et non-pécuniares qui expliquent les emplois multiples, et laisse voir des variations non-négligeables de sa fréquece à travers les régions, dont les zones dotées d'un grand secteur primaire ont des taux d'emplois multiples plus élevés. Pour conclure, les emplois multiples s'avèrent procycliques, avec la probabilité que les emplois multiples augmentent en période de croissance économqiue. Emplois multiples Grèce Régions Cycle économique Livanos I. und Zangelidis A. Mehrfachbeschäftigung unter männlichen Arbeitnehmern in Griechenland, Regional Studies . In diesem Beitrag untersuchen wir die Inzidenz der Mehrfachbeschäftigung in Griechenland und ergänzen die Literatur durch eine Analyse ihrer Determinanten und Varianz in verschiedenen Regionen sowie der Auswirkung des Geschäftszyklus auf ihre Häufigkeit. In der empirischen Analyse zeigt sich die Bedeutung von sowohl finanziellen als auch nichtfinanziellen Motiven für Mehrfachbeschäftigung; ebenso lassen sich signifikante Schwankungen der Inzidenz in verschiedenen Regionen feststellen, wobei der Anteil der Mehrfachbeschäftigten in Regionen mit großem Primärsektor höher ausfällt. Ebenso erweist sich die Mehrfachbeschäftigung als prozyklisches Phänomen; die Wahrscheinlichkeit einer zweiten Beschäftigung erhöht sich den Schätzungen zufolge in einer Zeit der wirtschaftlichen Expansion. Mehrfachbeschäftigung Griechenland Regionen Gesc häftszyklus Livanos I. y Zangelidis A. El pluriempleo entre trabajadores varones en Grecia, Regional Studies . En este artículo analizamos la incidencia del pluriempleo en Grecia y contribuimos a la literatura al examinar sus determinantes, su varianza en las diferentes regiones y el efecto del ciclo comercial en su incidencia. El análisis empírico destaca la importancia de los motivos pecuniarios y no pecuniarios detrás del pluriempleo e indica variaciones significativas de la incidencia en las regiones: las áreas que tienen un gran sector principal tienen tasas más altas de pluriempleo. Finalmente, se observa que el pluriempleo es procíclico, y se estima que la probabilidad de tener un segundo empleo aumenta durante una fase de expansión económica. Pluriempleo Grecia Regiones Ciclo comercial

Suggested Citation

  • Ilias Livanos & Alexandros Zangelidis, 2012. "Multiple Job-holding among Male Workers in Greece," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(1), pages 119-135, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:46:y:2012:i:1:p:119-135
    DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2010.486780

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Paxson, Christina H & Sicherman, Nachum, 1996. "The Dynamics of Dual Job Holding and Job Mobility," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 14(3), pages 357-393, July.
    2. Bell, David & Hart, Robert A & Wright, Robert E, 1997. "Multiple Job Holding as a 'Hedge' Against Unemployment," CEPR Discussion Papers 1626, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Smith Conway, Karen & Kimmel, Jean, 1998. "Male labor supply estimates and the decision to moonlight," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(2), pages 135-166, June.
    4. Efthymios Tsionas, 2002. "Another Look at Regional Convergence in Greece," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(6), pages 603-609.
    5. Mark Partridge, 2002. "Moonlighting in a High Growth Economy: Evidence from U.S. State-Level Data," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(4), pages 424-452.
    6. Krishnan, Pramila, 1990. "The Economics of Moonlighting: A Double Self-Selection Model," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 72(2), pages 361-367, May.
    7. Diego Puga, 2002. "European regional policies in light of recent location theories," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 2(4), pages 373-406, October.
    8. Shishko, Robert & Rostker, Bernard, 1976. "The Economics of Multiple Job Holding," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 66(3), pages 298-308, June.
    9. Roberto Dell’Anno & Miguel Gómez-Antonio & Angel Alañon-Pardo, 2007. "The shadow economy in three Mediterranean countries: France, Spain and Greece. A MIMIC approach," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 33(1), pages 197-197, July.
    10. Costas Siriopoulos & Dimitrios Asteriou, 1998. "Testing for Convergence Across the Greek Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(6), pages 537-546, August.
    11. Susan Averett, 2001. "Moonlighting: multiple motives and gender differences," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(11), pages 1391-1410.
    12. Jean Kimmel & Karen Smith Conway, 1995. "Who Moonlights and Why?: Evidence from the SIPP," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles 95-40, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
    13. Ian Hodge & Jessica Dunn & Sarah Monk & Maureen Fitzgerald, 2002. "Barriers to Participation in Residual Rural Labour Markets," Work, Employment & Society, British Sociological Association, vol. 16(3), pages 457-476, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Andrew Atherton & João R. Faria & Daniel Wheatley & Dongxu Wu & Zhongmin Wu, 2016. "The decision to moonlight: does second job holding by the self-employed and employed differ?," Industrial Relations Journal, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(3), pages 279-299, May.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population


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