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Credit crunches from occasionally binding bank borrowing constraints

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  • Holden, Tom D.
  • Levine, Paul
  • Swarbrick, Jonathan M.

Abstract

We present a model in which banks and other financial intermediaries face both occasionally binding borrowing constraints, and costs of equity issuance. Near the steady state, these intermediaries can raise equity finance at no cost through retained earnings. However, even moderately large shocks cause their borrowing constraints to bind, leading to contractions in credit offered to firms, and requiring the intermediaries to raise further funds by paying the cost to issue equity. This leads to the occasional sharp increases in interest spreads and the counter-cyclical, positively skewed equity issuance that are characteristic of the credit crunches observed in the data.

Suggested Citation

  • Holden, Tom D. & Levine, Paul & Swarbrick, Jonathan M., 2017. "Credit crunches from occasionally binding bank borrowing constraints," EconStor Preprints 168441, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:esprep:168441
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    Cited by:

    1. Schroth, Josef, 2021. "Macroprudential policy with capital buffers," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 296-311.
    2. Abbritti, Mirko & Consolo, Agostino & Weber, Sebastian, 2021. "Endogenous growth, downward wage rigidity and optimal inflation," Working Paper Series 2635, European Central Bank.
    3. Shifu Jiang, 2017. "The Ramsey Cooperative and Non-Cooperative Unconventional Monetary Policy," FIW Working Paper series 180, FIW.
    4. Tom D. Holden & Paul Levine & Jonathan M. Swarbrick, 2020. "Credit Crunches from Occasionally Binding Bank Borrowing Constraints," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 52(2-3), pages 549-582, March.
    5. Aikman, David & Bluwstein, Kristina & Karmakar, Sudipto, 2021. "A tail of three occasionally-binding constraints: a modelling approach to GDP-at-Risk," Bank of England working papers 931, Bank of England.
    6. Shifu Jiang, 2022. "Optimal Credit, Monetary, and Fiscal Policy under Occasional Financial Frictions and the Zero Lower Bound," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 18(1), pages 151-197, March.
    7. Jonathan Swarbrick, 2021. "Occasionally Binding Constraints in Large Models: A Review of Solution Methods," Discussion Papers 2021-5, Bank of Canada.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Occasionally binding constraints; Credit crunches; Financial crises; Spreads; Dividends; Equity; Banking;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services

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