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Does test-based teacher recruitment work in the developing world? Experimental evidence from Ecuador

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  • Araujo P., Maria Daniela
  • Heineck, Guido
  • Cruz Aguayo, Yyannú

Abstract

Since 2007, the Ecuadorian government has required teacher candidates to pass national skill and content knowledge tests before they are allowed to participate in merit-based selection competitions for tenured positions at public schools in an attempt to raise teacher quality. We evaluate the impact of this policy using linked administrative teacher information to data from a unique experimental study where almost 15,000 kindergarten children were randomly assigned to their teachers in the 2012-2013 school year in Ecuador. We find positive and significant effects of testscreened tenured teachers of at least a 0.105 standard deviation for language and a 0.085 standard deviation for math, which persist even after controlling for teacher education, experience, cognitive ability, personality traits and classroom practices.

Suggested Citation

  • Araujo P., Maria Daniela & Heineck, Guido & Cruz Aguayo, Yyannú, 2020. "Does test-based teacher recruitment work in the developing world? Experimental evidence from Ecuador," BERG Working Paper Series 165, Bamberg University, Bamberg Economic Research Group.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:bamber:165
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    teacher quality; education policy evaluation; Latin America;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I25 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Economic Development
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • J45 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Public Sector Labor Markets

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