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The Medium- and Long-term Effects of an Expansion of Education on Poverty in C.te d'Ivoire: A Dynamic Microsimulation Study

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  • Grimm, Michael

Abstract

I use a dynamic microsimulation model to analyse the distributional effects of an expansion of education in Côte d'Ivoire in the medium and long term (1998-2015). The simulations are performed in order to replicate several policies in force or subject to debate in this country. Various hypotheses concerning the evolution of returns to education and labour demand are tested. The direct effects between education and income as well as the different transmission channels, such as occupational choices, fertility, and household composition, are analysed. The effects of the educational expansion on the growth of household incomes, their distribution and poverty depend very crucially on the hypothesis made on the evolution of returns to education and labour demand. If returns to education remain constant and the labour market segmented, the effects will be very modest. _________________________________ J’utilise un modèle de micro-simulation dynamique pour analyser les effets distributifs d'une expansion de l'éducation en Côte d'Ivoire à moyen et long terme (1998-2015). Les simulations sont effectuées, selon plusieurs politiques actuellement en place ou en discussion dans ce pays. Des hypothèses variées concernant l'évolution du rendement de l'éducation et de la demande de travail sont examinées. Les effets directs entre éducation et revenu comme les différents canaux de transmission, tels que les choix d'activité, la fécondité et la composition des ménages sont analysés. Les effets de l'expansion de l'éducation sur la croissance des revenus des ménages, la distribution du revenu et la pauvreté dépendent de manière cruciale de l'hypothèse faite concernant l'évolution du rendement de l'éducation et de la demande de travail. Si le rendement de l'éducation reste constant et le marché du travail segmenté, les effets seront relativement modérés.
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  • Grimm, Michael, 2004. "The Medium- and Long-term Effects of an Expansion of Education on Poverty in C.te d'Ivoire: A Dynamic Microsimulation Study," WIDER Working Paper Series 032, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  • Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:rp2004-32
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Michael Grimm & Charlotte Guénard & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2001. "What has happened to the urban population in Côte d'Ivoire since the eighties ? An analysis of monetary poverty and deprivation over 15 years of household data," Working Papers DT/2001/14, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
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    14. Grimm, Michael, 2001. "A Decomposition of Inequality and Poverty Changes in the Context of Macroeconomic Adjustment: A Microsimulation Study for C.te d'Ivoire," WIDER Working Paper Series 091, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Pierre-Richard AGÉNOR & Derek H. C. CHEN & Michael GRIMM, "undated". "Linking Representative Household Models with Household Surveys for Poverty Analysis: A Comparison of Alternative Methodologies," EcoMod2004 330600002, EcoMod.
    2. Ahmed, Vaqar & O' Donoghue, Cathal, 2007. "CGE-Microsimulation Modelling: A Survey," MPRA Paper 9307, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Denis Cogneau & Anne-Sophie Robilliard, 2004. "Poverty Alleviation Policies in Madagascar: a Micro-Macro Simulation Model," Working Papers DT/2004/11, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation), revised Nov 2004.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    education policy; human capital; inequality; Kuznets curve; microsimulation; poverty;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • E17 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications

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