The Medium- and Long-term Effects of an Expansion of Education on Poverty in C.te d'Ivoire: A Dynamic Microsimulation Study
I use a dynamic microsimulation model to analyse the distributional effects of an expansion of education in Côte d'Ivoire in the medium and long term (1998-2015). The simulations are performed in order to replicate several policies in force or subject to debate in this country. Various hypotheses concerning the evolution of returns to education and labour demand are tested. The direct effects between education and income as well as the different transmission channels, such as occupational choices, fertility, and household composition, are analysed. The effects of the educational expansion on the growth of household incomes, their distribution and poverty depend very crucially on the hypothesis made on the evolution of returns to education and labour demand. If returns to education remain constant and the labour market segmented, the effects will be very modest. _________________________________ J’utilise un modèle de micro-simulation dynamique pour analyser les effets distributifs d'une expansion de l'éducation en Côte d'Ivoire à moyen et long terme (1998-2015). Les simulations sont effectuées, selon plusieurs politiques actuellement en place ou en discussion dans ce pays. Des hypothèses variées concernant l'évolution du rendement de l'éducation et de la demande de travail sont examinées. Les effets directs entre éducation et revenu comme les différents canaux de transmission, tels que les choix d'activité, la fécondité et la composition des ménages sont analysés. Les effets de l'expansion de l'éducation sur la croissance des revenus des ménages, la distribution du revenu et la pauvreté dépendent de manière cruciale de l'hypothèse faite concernant l'évolution du rendement de l'éducation et de la demande de travail. Si le rendement de l'éducation reste constant et le marché du travail segmenté, les effets seront relativement modérés.
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