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Poverty Alleviation Policies in Madagascar: a Micro-Macro Simulation Model

Author

Listed:
  • Denis Cogneau

    () (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

  • Anne-Sophie Robilliard

    () (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

Abstract

We present the framework of a macro-micro simulation model for the study of the impact of economic policies on income distribution and monetary poverty in Madagascar. Modelling options and choices are discussed for the micro-economic module and for the macro-micro linkages. Econometric estimations and calibration of the occupational choice / labor income part of the micro-economic module are presented and commented. Some illustrative simulations of poverty alleviation schemes are also implemented and analyzed. _________________________________ Nous présentons le cadre d’un modèle de simulation macro-micro pour l’étude de l’impact des politiques économiques sur la distribution du revenu et la pauvreté monétaire à Madagascar. Les options et les choix de modélisation sont discutés pour le module micro-économique et pour les liaisons micro-macro. Les estimations économétriques et la calibration du modèle de « choix » d’occupation et de revenu du travail sont présentées et commentées. Des simulations illustratives de stratégies de réduction de la pauvreté sont aussi mises en oeuvre et analysées.

Suggested Citation

  • Denis Cogneau & Anne-Sophie Robilliard, 2004. "Poverty Alleviation Policies in Madagascar: a Micro-Macro Simulation Model," Working Papers DT/2004/11, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation), revised Nov 2004.
  • Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200411
    as

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    File URL: http://www.dial.ird.fr/media/ird-sites-d-unites-de-recherche/dial/documents/publications/doc_travail/2004/2004-11
    File Function: First version, 2004
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. François Bourguignon, 1990. "Growth and Inequality in the Dual Model of Development: The Role of Demand Factors," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 57(2), pages 215-228.
    2. Anne-Sophie Robilliard & Sherman Robinson, 2003. "Reconciling Household Surveys and National Accounts Data Using a Cross Entropy Estimation Method," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 49(3), pages 395-406, September.
    3. Michael Grimm, 2002. "The medium and long term effects of an expansion of education on poverty in Côte d'Ivoire. A dynamic microsimulation study," Working Papers DT/2002/12, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    4. Denis Cogneau & Michael Grimm, 2002. "AIDS and Income Distribution in Africa; A Micro-simulation Study for Côte d'Ivoire," Working Papers DT/2002/15, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    5. Derek Neal & Sherwin Rosen, 1998. "Theories of the Distribution of Labor Earnings," NBER Working Papers 6378, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Cogneau, Denis & Robilliard, Anne-Sophie, 2000. "Growth, distribution and poverty in Madagascar," TMD discussion papers 61, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    7. Magnac, Th, 1991. "Segmented or Competitive Labor Markets," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(1), pages 165-187, January.
    8. A. D. Roy, 1951. "Some Thoughts On The Distribution Of Earnings," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(2), pages 135-146.
    9. Grimm, Michael, 2001. "A Decomposition of Inequality and Poverty Changes in the Context of Macroeconomic Adjustment: A Microsimulation Study for C.te d'Ivoire," WIDER Working Paper Series 091, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    10. Ravallion, Martin, 1999. "Appraising Workfare," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 14(1), pages 31-48, February.
    11. Heckman, James J & Sedlacek, Guilherme, 1985. "Heterogeneity, Aggregation, and Market Wage Functions: An Empirical Model of Self-selection in the Labor Market," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(6), pages 1077-1125, December.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Giulia Colombo, 2010. "Linking CGE and microsimulation models: a comparison of different approaches," International Journal of Microsimulation, International Microsimulation Association, vol. 3(1), pages 72-91.
    2. José M. Labeaga & Miguel Rodríguez & Xavier Labandeira, 2006. "A Macro and Microeconomic Integrated Approach to Assessing the Effects of Public Policies," Working Papers 2006-02, FEDEA.
    3. John Cockburn & Hélène Maisonnave & Véronique Robichaud & Luca Tiberti, 2013. "Fiscal Space and Public Spending on Children in Burkina Faso," Cahiers de recherche 1308, CIRPEE.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Modélisation économique; micro-simulation; distribution du revenu; réduction de la pauvreté; choix d’occupation; dualisme du marché du travail; Offre de travail; Programmes sociaux; Madagascar; Economic Modelling; Micro-Simulation; Income distribution; Poverty Reduction; Dual Labor Market; Occupational Choice; Welfare Programs;

    JEL classification:

    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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