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How important is GVC participation to export upgrading

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  • Ndubuisi, Gideon

    (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University)

  • Owusu, Solomon

    (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University)

Abstract

Exporting higher-quality and complex products are deemed pathways to economic growth and development. However, producing such products are knowledge-intensive and require quality intermediate inputs and advanced technologies. Integration into global trade networks is increasingly argued to be amongst the pathways to obtain such inputs and technologies, although not all countries may benefit equally from such integration. This paper builds on these arguments and investigates how participation in the global value chain (GVC) affects export-quality. We use a sample of 120 developed and developing countries and find that participation in GVC impacts positively on export quality and, also, brings the export quality of countries closer to the quality frontier, but these effects only work through backward linkages. While this result persists in the sub-sample comprising developing economies, we, however, find that developed countries benefit from both forward and backward linkages in GVC. Overall, the results indicate that GVC participation matters to export upgrading but points to a potential heterogeneity on the channel of impact across countries at different levels of development.

Suggested Citation

  • Ndubuisi, Gideon & Owusu, Solomon, 2020. "How important is GVC participation to export upgrading," MERIT Working Papers 2020-026, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  • Handle: RePEc:unm:unumer:2020026
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    2. Caio Torres Mazzi & Gideon Ndubuisi & Elvis Avenyo, 2020. "Exporters and global value chain participation: Firm-level evidence from South Africa," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2020-145, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    3. Michael Danquah & Solomon Owusu, 2021. "Digital technology and productivity of informal enterprises: Empirical evidence from Nigeria," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2021-114, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Global Value Chains; Quality Products; Export Products; Quality of Exports;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F00 - International Economics - - General - - - General
    • F01 - International Economics - - General - - - Global Outlook
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • O24 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Trade Policy; Factor Movement; Foreign Exchange Policy
    • O25 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Industrial Policy

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