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How important is GVC participation to export upgrading

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  • Ndubuisi, Gideon

    (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University)

  • Owusu, Solomon

    (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University)

Abstract

Exporting higher-quality and complex products are deemed pathways to economic growth and development. However, producing such products are knowledge-intensive and require quality intermediate inputs and advanced technologies. Integration into global trade networks is increasingly argued to be amongst the pathways to obtain such inputs and technologies, although not all countries may benefit equally from such integration. This paper builds on these arguments and investigates how participation in the global value chain (GVC) affects export-quality. We use a sample of 120 developed and developing countries and find that participation in GVC impacts positively on export quality and, also, brings the export quality of countries closer to the quality frontier, but these effects only work through backward linkages. While this result persists in the sub-sample comprising developing economies, we, however, find that developed countries benefit from both forward and backward linkages in GVC. Overall, the results indicate that GVC participation matters to export upgrading but points to a potential heterogeneity on the channel of impact across countries at different levels of development.

Suggested Citation

  • Ndubuisi, Gideon & Owusu, Solomon, 2020. "How important is GVC participation to export upgrading," MERIT Working Papers 2020-026, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  • Handle: RePEc:unm:unumer:2020026
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    Cited by:

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    2. Ping Hua, 2021. "How did China rise its manufacturing domestic value added in exports through GVC moving up?," Working Papers hal-03373508, HAL.
    3. Yuping Deng & Yanrui Wu & Helian Xu, 2022. "Emission Reduction and Value-added Export Nexus at Firm Level," Economics Discussion / Working Papers 22-19, The University of Western Australia, Department of Economics.
    4. Coniglio, Nicola D. & Vurchio, Davide & Cantore, Nicola & Clara, Michele, 2021. "On the evolution of comparative advantage: Path-dependent versus path-defying changes," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 133(C).
    5. Biswajit Banerjee & Juraj Zeman, 2022. "Determinants of global value chain participation: cross-country analysis," Indian Economic Review, Springer, vol. 57(1), pages 59-95, June.
    6. Choksy, Umair Shafi & Ayaz, Muhammad & Al-Tabbaa, Omar & Parast, Mahour, 2022. "Supplier resilience under the COVID-19 crisis in apparel global value chain (GVC): The role of GVC governance and supplier’s upgrading," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 150(C), pages 249-267.
    7. Thai Thi Minh & Charity Osei‐Amponsah, 2021. "Towards poor‐centred value chain for sustainable development: A conceptual framework," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 29(6), pages 1223-1236, November.
    8. Ping Hua, 2021. "How did China's GVCs participation influence its manufacturing productivity?," Working Papers hal-03505687, HAL.
    9. Gideon Ndubuisi & Solomon Owusu, 2022. "Trust, Efficient Contracting and Export Upgrading," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 34(6), pages 2708-2729, December.
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    11. Shugeng Dai & Dong Tan, 2022. "China and the United States Hierarchical International Competitiveness Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(16), pages 1-12, August.
    12. Michael Danquah & Solomon Owusu, 2021. "Digital technology and productivity of informal enterprises: Empirical evidence from Nigeria," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2021-114, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Global Value Chains; Quality Products; Export Products; Quality of Exports;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F00 - International Economics - - General - - - General
    • F01 - International Economics - - General - - - Global Outlook
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • O24 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Trade Policy; Factor Movement; Foreign Exchange Policy
    • O25 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Industrial Policy

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