Malaria: Disease Impacts and Long-Run Income Differences
Malaria is a parasitic disease that causes over 300 million "acute illness" episodes and one million deaths annually. Most occur in the tropics, especially sub-Saharan Africa. Countries with high rates of malaria prevalence are gen- erally poor, and some researchers have suggested a direct link from malaria to poverty. We explore the interactions between malaria and national income, using a dynamic general equilibrium framework with epidemiological features. We find that without prevention or control, malaria can have a large impact on income. However, if people have any effective ways of avoiding infection, the disease has little effect on income levels.
|Date of creation:||Aug 2007|
|Date of revision:||Apr 2010|
|Note:||Portions of this research were undertaken while Gollin was on leave at the Economic Growth Center, Yale University, and at the Centre for Study of African Economies, Oxford University. Gollin gratefully acknowledges support and facilities at both institutions. Hoyt Bleakley has kindly shared information and preliminary results. We have also benefited from the comments of Ben Bridgman, Steve Meardon, Lara Shore-Sheppard, Gustavo Ventura, David Weil, and seminar and conference participants at the Arizona State University Conference on Economic Development; the Society for Economic Dynamics 2005 meetings in Budapest; the University of Essex; Rutgers University; the University of Delaware; University of Connecticut; University of Houston; Wesleyan University; LAMES 2006 in Mexico City; the Northeast Universities Development Conference 2005 at Brown University; and the Harvard Center for International Development.s May 2007 conference on Health Improvements for Economic Growth.|
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