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Multigenerational Effects of Education Reform: Mother's Education and Children's Human Capital in Nepal

Author

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  • Vinish Shrestha

    (Department of Economics, Towson University)

  • Rashesh Shrestha

    (Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University)

Abstract

The impact of national efforts to increase supply of education, such as Nepal’s National Education System Plan, may vary across social groups due to differences in social factors that determine access to and demand for education. In this paper, we study the heterogeneous impact of this reform across gender and caste groups – two important social dimensions in Nepal’s context – over two generations. We use data from the Nepal National Population and Housing Census 2011 and implement a difference- in-differences framework that utilizes across district variation in intensity of the reform measured by placement of trained teachers per 100 children and across cohort variation in exposure determined by birth year. We find that the reform improved females’ education attainment, but such positive effects are not present among women belonging to lower caste sub-groups. In addition, we find that the reform had positive effects on schooling of the next generation; the multigenerational effects are also concentrated among girls from higher caste households. We validate our main findings by conducting a placebo exercises on a sample of individuals who had surpassed their school going age by the time of the reform.

Suggested Citation

  • Vinish Shrestha & Rashesh Shrestha, 2017. "Multigenerational Effects of Education Reform: Mother's Education and Children's Human Capital in Nepal," Working Papers 2017-03, Towson University, Department of Economics, revised Jan 2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:tow:wpaper:2017-03
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Multigenerational Effect; Maternal Education; Children's Human Capital; Schooling.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I26 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Returns to Education
    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General

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