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Contagion or Flight-to-Quality Phenomena in Stock and Bond Returns

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  • Apostolos Thomadakis

    (University of Surrey)

Abstract

In this paper, I study the correlation between stock and bond returns. We can define flight- to-quality from stocks to bonds as the decrease in the correlation between the two assets in falling stock markets periods (bear state), since the two assets returns move in the opposite direction. On the contrary, a movement in the same direction between the two asset classes as the economy is at a bear state, can be classified as contagion. Firstly, I show that a two-state model, with regimes characterised as bear and bull states, is required in order to capture and explain the dynamics of equity returns at the bivariate level. Secondly, the analysis I have conducted shows statistically significant evidence of flight-to-quality phenomena from stock to bond returns, in the US and UK for the period 1986-2010. Finally, I have found evidence of time-variation in the structure of the predictability patterns linking financial markets and monetary policy, as the latter is expressed through short-term interest rates. These results have not only important implications for portfolio diversification and asset allocation, but they are also adding to the ongoing debate on how the time variation in the stock-bond correlation is driven by changing macroeconomic conditions.

Suggested Citation

  • Apostolos Thomadakis, 2012. "Contagion or Flight-to-Quality Phenomena in Stock and Bond Returns," School of Economics Discussion Papers 0612, School of Economics, University of Surrey.
  • Handle: RePEc:sur:surrec:0612
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    Cited by:

    1. Rangan Gupta & Christos Kollias & Stephanos Papadamou & Mark E. Wohar, 2017. "News Implied Volatility and the Stock-Bond Nexus: Evidence from Historical Data for the USA and the UK Markets," Working Papers 201730, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    2. Refk Selmi & Christos Kollias & Stephanos Papadamou & Rangan Gupta, 2017. "A Copula-Based Quantile-on-Quantile Regression Approach to Modeling Dependence Structure between Stock and Bond Returns: Evidence from Historical Data of India, South Africa, UK and US," Working Papers 201747, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    3. Aloui, Chaker & Hammoudeh, Shawkat & Hamida, Hela Ben, 2015. "Price discovery and regime shift behavior in the relationship between sharia stocks and sukuk: A two-state Markov switching analysis," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 121-135.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Contagion; Markov-switching; Non-linearities; Regime Changes; Stock-Bond Correlation;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C58 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Financial Econometrics
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets

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