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Progrès technologique et employabilité des seniors

  • Sandrine Levasseur

    (OFCE)

Ce papier propose une revue synthétique du lien entre vieillissement, capacités cognitives, productivité et employabilité des seniors. Il s’agit notamment d’analyser comment les changements technologiques et organisationnels observés sur les dix dernières années — largement imputables à l’introduction de l’ordinateur au sein de l’entreprise — ont pu affecter la demande de travail envers les seniors. L’existence d’interactions complexes entre caractéristiques spécifiques à l’individu et celles spécifiques à l’entreprise explique l’absence de relation statistiquement significative entre productivité et âge du travailleur. Il apparaît cependant que des facteurs tels que le niveau et le type de formation initiale, mais aussi la motivation, sont des déterminants importants de l’employabilité du senior puisque conditionnant son adaptabilité à l’utilisation de nouvelles techniques et méthodes de production. À ce titre, le système d’incitations pour investir dans le capital humain joue un rôle important à la fois pour le senior et l’entreprise.

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File URL: http://spire.sciencespo.fr/hdl:/2441/6144/resources/wp2008-16.pdf
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Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number 2008-16.

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Date of creation: Jun 2008
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Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/6144
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  1. Patrick Aubert & Eve Caroli & Muriel Roger, 2006. "New technologies, organisation and age: firm level evidence," Post-Print halshs-00754173, HAL.
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  4. Daveri, Francesco & Maliranta, Mika, 2006. "Age, Technology and Labour Costs," Discussion Papers 1010, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
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  6. Aubert Patrick & Caroli Eve & Roger Muriel, 2005. "Nouvelles Technologies et Nouvelles Formes d'Organisation du Travail : Quelles conséquences pour l'emploi des salariés âgés ?," Research Unit Working Papers 0506, Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA.
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  8. Samia Benallah & Cindy Duc & François Legendre, 2008. "Peut-on expliquer le faible taux d'emploi des seniors en France ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(2), pages 19-54.
  9. Jean-Louis Hairault & François Langot & Thepthida Sopraseuth, 2007. "Les effets à rebours de l'âge de la retraite sur le taux d'emploi des seniors," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00754240, HAL.
  10. Abowd, John M. & Haltiwanger, John C. & Lane, Julia & McKinney, Kevin Lee & Sandusky, L. Kristin, 2007. "Technology and the Demand for Skill: An Analysis of Within and Between Firm Differences," IZA Discussion Papers 2707, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  11. Dhaval Dave & R. Inas Rashad & Jasmina Spasojevic, 2008. "The Effects of Retirement on Physical and Mental Health Outcomes," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 75(2), pages 497-523, October.
  12. Alexia Prskawetz & Thomas Fent, 2007. "Workforce Ageing And The Substitution Of Labour: The Role Of Supply And Demand Of Labour In Austria," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(1), pages 95-126, 02.
  13. repec:dau:papers:123456789/10051 is not listed on IDEAS
  14. Luc Behahel, 2006. "Changement technologique et formation tout au long de la vie," Research Unit Working Papers 0602, Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA.
  15. Spitz, Alexandra, 2005. "The Effects of Changes in the Unemployment Compensation System on the Adoption of IT by Older Workers," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-40, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  16. Francesco Daveri & Mika Maliranta, 2007. "Age, seniority and labour costs: lessons from the Finnish IT revolution," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 22, pages 117-175, 01.
  17. Daniel, Kirsten & Heywood, John S., 2007. "The determinants of hiring older workers: UK evidence," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 35-51, January.
  18. Vegard Skirbekk, 2003. "Age and individual productivity: a literature survey," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2003-028, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
  19. Luc Behaghel & Bruno Crépon & Béatrice Sédillot, 2004. "Contribution Delalande et transitions sur le marché du travail," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 372(1), pages 61-88.
  20. Bartel, Ann P & Sicherman, Nachum, 1993. "Technological Change and Retirement Decisions of Older Workers," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 11(1), pages 162-83, January.
  21. repec:hal:cesptp:hal-00517121 is not listed on IDEAS
  22. Éric Bonsang & Stéphane Adam & Sophie Germain & Sergio Perelman, 2007. "Retraite, activités non professionnelles et vieillissement cognitif. Une exploration à partir des données de Share," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 403(1), pages 83-96.
  23. Patrick Aubert, 2003. "Les quinquagénaires dans l'emploi salarié privé," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 368(1), pages 65-94.
  24. Patrick Aubert & Bruno Crépon, 2003. "La productivité des salariés âgés : une tentative d'estimation," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 368(1), pages 95-119.
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