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Progrès technologique et employabilité des seniors

  • Sandrine Levasseur

    (OFCE)

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    Ce papier propose une revue synthétique du lien entre vieillissement, capacités cognitives, productivité et employabilité des seniors. Il s’agit notamment d’analyser comment les changements technologiques et organisationnels observés sur les dix dernières années — largement imputables à l’introduction de l’ordinateur au sein de l’entreprise — ont pu affecter la demande de travail envers les seniors. L’existence d’interactions complexes entre caractéristiques spécifiques à l’individu et celles spécifiques à l’entreprise explique l’absence de relation statistiquement significative entre productivité et âge du travailleur. Il apparaît cependant que des facteurs tels que le niveau et le type de formation initiale, mais aussi la motivation, sont des déterminants importants de l’employabilité du senior puisque conditionnant son adaptabilité à l’utilisation de nouvelles techniques et méthodes de production. À ce titre, le système d’incitations pour investir dans le capital humain joue un rôle important à la fois pour le senior et l’entreprise.

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    File URL: http://spire.sciencespo.fr/hdl:/2441/6144/resources/wp2008-16.pdf
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    Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number 2008-16.

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    Date of creation: Jun 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/6144
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    16. Prskawetz, Alexia & Veliov, Vladimir M., 2007. "Age-specific dynamic labor demand and human capital investment," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 31(12), pages 3741-3777, December.
    17. Jean-Olivier Hairault & François Langot & Thepthida Sopraseuth, 2007. "Les effets à rebours de l'âge de la retraite sur le taux d'emploi des seniors," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00178447, HAL.
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    20. Jean-Olivier Hairault & François Langot & Thepthida Sopraseuth, 2009. "Le faible taux d'emploi des seniors," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00517121, HAL.
    21. Vegard Skirbekk, 2003. "Age and individual productivity: a literature survey," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2003-028, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
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