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Market-Related Reforms and Increased Energy Efficiency in Transition Countries: Empirical Evidence


  • Rabindra Nepal

    () (School of Economics, University of Queensland)

  • Tooraj Jamasb

    () (Business School, Durham University)

  • Clement Allan Tisdell

    () (School of Economics, University of Queensland)


Energy efficiency improvement is considered to be a desirable response to growing climate change and security of energy supply concerns. This paper studies the impacts of a varied set of macro-level market-oriented reforms on economy wide measure of energy efficiency across a group of transition countries. These countries experienced a rapid marketization process, which, since the early 1990s, transformed their economies from central planning towards market-driven models. We use a bias corrected fixed-effect analysis technique to estimate this effect for the 1990-2010 period. The results suggest that reforms aimed at market liberalisation, financial sector and most infrastructure industries drove energy efficiency improvements. We find significant differences in improvements in energy efficiency between transitional Central European and Baltic States, South East Europe ones, and the Commonwealth of Independent States. The reasons for these differences are also discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Rabindra Nepal & Tooraj Jamasb & Clement Allan Tisdell, 2013. "Market-Related Reforms and Increased Energy Efficiency in Transition Countries: Empirical Evidence," Energy Economics and Management Group Working Papers 8-2013, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.
  • Handle: RePEc:qld:uqeemg:8-2013

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Nepal, Rabindra & Tisdell, Clem & Jamasb, Tooraj, 2017. "Economic Reforms and Carbon Dioxide Emissions in European and Central Asian Transition Economies," Economics, Ecology and Environment Working Papers 253076, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
    2. Nepal, Rabindra & Jamasb, Tooraj & Tisdell, Clement Allan, 2017. "On environmental impacts of market-based reforms: Evidence from the European and Central Asian transition economies," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 44-52.
    3. Maria Magdalena Turek Rahoveanu & Adrian Turek Rahoveanu & Cristian Popescu & Gheorghe Adrian Zugravu, 2015. "Entrepreneurial Potential In The Territory Gal Microregion Horezu Village From The Perspective Of 2014-2020," Risk in Contemporary Economy, "Dunarea de Jos" University of Galati, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, pages 397-408.

    More about this item


    market reforms; energy efficiency; transition countries; institutions;

    JEL classification:

    • P28 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Natural Resources; Environment
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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