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The impact of power market reforms on electricity price-cost margins and cross-subsidy levels: A cross country panel data analysis

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  • Erdogdu, Erkan

Abstract

One of the main expectations from power market reform has been a reduction in both price-cost margins and cross-subsidy levels between industrial and residential consumers. This paper focuses on this issue by looking at the impact of the electricity industry reforms on residential and industrial electricity price-cost margins and their effect on cross-subsidy levels between consumer groups. Using panel data for 63 developed and developing countries covering the period 1982-2009, empirical models are developed and analyzed. The research findings suggest that there is no uniform pattern for the impact of reform process as a whole on price-cost margins and cross-subsidy levels. Each individual reform step has different impact on price-cost margins and cross-subsidy levels for each consumer and country group. Our findings imply that reform steps have different impacts in different countries, which supports the idea reform prescription for a specific country cannot easily and successfully be transferred to another one. So, transferring the formal and economic structure of a successful power market in a developed country to developing countries is not a sufficient condition for good economic performance of the electricity industries in developing countries. Furthermore, the study suggests that power consumption, income level and country-specific features constitute other important determinants of electricity price-cost margins and cross-subsidy levels.

Suggested Citation

  • Erdogdu, Erkan, 2011. "The impact of power market reforms on electricity price-cost margins and cross-subsidy levels: A cross country panel data analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 1080-1092, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:39:y:2011:i:3:p:1080-1092
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Nagayama, Hiroaki, 2007. "Effects of regulatory reforms in the electricity supply industry on electricity prices in developing countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 3440-3462, June.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kalantzis, Fotis & Sakellaris, Kostis, 2012. "Investigating the Impact of the Greek Electricity Market Reforms on its Day-Ahead Market Prices," MPRA Paper 37794, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Erdogdu, Erkan, 2016. "Asymmetric volatility in European day-ahead power markets: A comparative microeconomic analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 398-409.
    3. Tooraj Jamasb & Rabindra Nepal & Govinda Timilsina & Michael Toman, 2014. "Energy Sector Reform, Economic Efficiency and Poverty Reduction," Discussion Papers Series 529, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.
    4. Svetla Boneva, 2016. "The Energy Market and Prices of Electricity in Bulgaria," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 2, pages 90-128.
    5. Bastianin, Andrea & Castelnovo, Paolo & Florio, Massimo, 2017. "The empirics of regulatory reforms proxied by categorical variables: recent findings and methodological issues," MPRA Paper 78256, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Erkan, Erdogdu, 2011. "What happened to efficiency in electricity industries after reforms?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(10), pages 6551-6560, October.
    7. Antonio Estache & Caroline Philippe, 2012. "The Impact of Private Participation in Infrastructure in Developing Countries: Taking Stock of about 20 Years of Experience," Working Papers ECARES ECARES 2012-043, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    8. Bollino, Carlo Andrea & Ciferri, Davide & Polinori, Paolo, 2013. "Integration and Convergence in European Electricity Markets," MPRA Paper 44704, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Schober, Dominik, 2013. "Static vs. dynamic impacts of unbundling: Electricity markets in South America," ZEW Discussion Papers 13-033, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    10. Ionescu Sas Mihaela, 2015. "The Macroeconomic Impact Of Legislative Regulations In The Renewable Energy Sector," Annals of Faculty of Economics, University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics, vol. 1(1), pages 202-213, July.
    11. Erdogdu, Erkan, 2011. "Determinants of successful electricity market reform," MPRA Paper 38410, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Rabindra Nepal & Tooraj Jamasb & Clement Allan Tisdell, 2014. "Market-related reforms and increased energy efficiency in transition countries: empirical evidence," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(33), pages 4125-4136, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Models with panel data Power market reform Electricity prices;

    JEL classification:

    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • Y40 - Miscellaneous Categories - - Dissertations - - - Dissertations
    • L94 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Electric Utilities

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