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Labor Market Effects of the World Cup: A Sectoral Analysis

Author

Listed:
  • Robert Baumann

    () (Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross)

  • Bryan Engelhardt

    () (Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross)

  • Victor Matheson

    () (Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross)

Abstract

This paper provides an empirical examination of impact the 1994 FIFA World Cup in the United States on local employment. In contrast to ex ante economic impact reports that suggest large increases in employment due to the tournament, an ex post examination of employment in 9 host metropolitan areas finds no significant impact on employment from hosting World Cup games. Furthermore, an analysis of employment in specific sectors of the economy finds no impact from hosting games on employment in the leisure and hospitality and professional and business services sectors but a statistically significant negative impact on employment in the retail trade sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Robert Baumann & Bryan Engelhardt & Victor Matheson, 2011. "Labor Market Effects of the World Cup: A Sectoral Analysis," Working Papers 1113, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:spe:wpaper:1113
    as

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    File URL: http://college.holycross.edu/RePEc/spe/MathesonBaumannEngelhardt_WorldCup.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Victor Matheson, 2012. "Assessing the infrastructure impact of mega-events in emerging economies," Working Papers 1203, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics.
    2. Robert Baumann & Victor Matheson, 2013. "Infrastructure Investments and Mega-Sports Events: Comparing the Experience of Developing and Industrialized Countries," Working Papers 1305, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics.
    3. Wiker, Dagmara, 2015. "The impact of Euro 2012 on employment and wages in Poland," MPRA Paper 82602, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 23 Nov 2017.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    World Cup; soccer; impact analysis; mega-event; tourism;

    JEL classification:

    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R53 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Public Facility Location Analysis; Public Investment and Capital Stock
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure

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