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Invoice Currency in Brazil

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  • Reiss, Daniel Gersten

Abstract

The article describes the invoice currency choice in the Brazilian foreign trade, focusing on the use of the Brazilian real (BRL). The Ministry of Foreign Trade (MDIC) database is used for the first time for this purpose. Even with the US dollar being far more used in Brazil than in other countries, the BRL use for denominating trade has had exceptional growth. We categorically move away from the idea that the BRL is not used in Brazilian international trade. Brazilian imports show a strong tendency toward being more invoiced in noninternational currencies than exports. Brazilian trade evidence does not confirm some previous international findings. Although they are homogenous products, sugar and tobacco are the two main exports denominated in BRL. BRL use as invoice currency and as payment currency does not match.

Suggested Citation

  • Reiss, Daniel Gersten, 2014. "Invoice Currency in Brazil," MPRA Paper 59412, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:59412
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    2. Kristina V. Shvandar & Artur V. Glazunov, 2017. "National Currencies in Foreign Trade Transactions: International Experience and Results," Finansovyj žhurnal — Financial Journal, Financial Research Institute, Moscow 127006, Russia, issue 4, pages 122-135, August.
    3. Maria Siranova & Menbere Workie Tiruneh, 2016. "The determinants of errors and omissions in a small and open economy: The case of Slovakia," Working Papers wp73, Institute of Economic Research, SAS, revised 08 Apr 2016.
    4. Liu, Tao & Lu, Dong, 2019. "Trade, finance and endogenous invoicing currency: Theory and firm-level evidence," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 21-44.
    5. Liu, Tao & Lu, Dong & Woo, Wing Thye, 2019. "Trade, finance and international currency," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 164(C), pages 374-413.
    6. Adrien Faudot, 2015. "The Euro: An International Invoicing Currency?," International Journal of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(1), pages 51-70, January.
    7. Liu, Tao & Lu, Dong & Zhang, Ruifeng, 2017. "Currency choice in international trade: a new monetarist approach and firm-level evidence," MPRA Paper 79149, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    international trade; Brazilian real use; currency denomination; currency invoicing;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F20 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - General
    • F39 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Other

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