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The Origins of Terrorism - Cross-Country Estimates on Socio-Economic Determinants of Terrorism

Author

Listed:
  • Andreas Freytag

    (Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena)

  • Jens J. Krüger

    (Technical University Darmstadt)

  • Daniel Meierrieks

    (University of Paderborn)

  • Friedrich Schneider

    (Johannes Kepler University of Linz)

Abstract

To expand our knowledge about an appropriate anti-terror strategy, it is indispensable to assess the underlying causes of terror. We examine social and economic conditions in the country of origin of terrorist attacks, claiming that low opportunity costs of terror, e.g. approximated as slow growth and poor institutions raise the propensity of terror and the willingness in the population to support terror. Using a mixed effects Poisson regression model, we are able to show that unfortunate socio-economic conditions in a country are suitable to reduce the opportunity cost for potential terrorists and increase the likelihood of terrorist attacks originating from a specific country. Interestingly, this effect is relevant after a certain level of development has been reached. We therefore distinguish between the OECD, Europe and Islamic countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Andreas Freytag & Jens J. Krüger & Daniel Meierrieks & Friedrich Schneider, 2009. "The Origins of Terrorism - Cross-Country Estimates on Socio-Economic Determinants of Terrorism," Working Papers CIE 19, Paderborn University, CIE Center for International Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pdn:ciepap:19
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    terror attacks; openness; discrete choice analysis; institutions;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • P16 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Political Economy of Capitalism
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities

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