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Die Finanzströme von organisierter Kriminalität und Terrorismus: was wissen wir (nicht)?

Listed author(s):
  • Friedrich Schneider

After providing a short literature review and some empirical evidence about the turnover of organized crime, the paper tries a quantification of the turnover of organized crime with the help of a MIMIC estimation procedure for the years 1995 to 2006 for 20 highly developed OECD countries. The volume of turnover from organized crime was 270 billion US-Dollar in the year 1995 and increased to 614 billion US-Dollar in 2006 for these 20 OECD countries. Additionally, a first attempt is made to estimate the financial means of terror organizations (mostly islamistic). The figure shows that Al Qaida and other terror organizations have sufficient financial means. Also, some remarks are made about the effects of terror on the economy. Die Finanzströme von organisierter Kriminalität und Terrorismus sind in dieser Arbeit dargestellt. Zunächst wird ein Versuch unternommen, den Umsatz der organisierten Kriminalität in 20 OECD-Ländern zu schätzen. Das Ausmaß an finanziellen kriminellen Aktivitäten (Umsätzen) dieser 20 Länder betrug 1995 270 Milliarden Dollar und stieg im Jahr 2006 auf 614 Milliarden Dollar an. Weiterhin erfolgt eine kurze Literaturübersicht über die vorhandenen Ziffern zum weltweiten finanziellen Ausmaß der Aktivitäten der organisierten Kriminalität. Ebenso werden Finanzströme islamistischer Terrororganisationen untersucht und die Auswirkungen von Terrorakten auf die Wirtschaft in hoch entwickelten OECD-Ländern.

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File URL: http://ejournals.duncker-humblot.de/DH/doi/pdf/10.3790/vjh.78.4.73
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Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung.

Volume (Year): 78 (2009)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 73-87

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Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:78-4-7
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  1. Bruno S. Frey & Simon Luechinger & Alois Stutzer, "undated". "Calculating Tragedy: Assessing the Costs of Terrorism," IEW - Working Papers 205, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  2. Jeffrey R. Brown & J. David Cummins & Christopher M. Lewis & Ran Wei, 2004. "An Empirical Analysis of the Economic Impact of Federal Terrorism Reinsurance," NBER Working Papers 10388, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Friedrich Schneider, 2004. "Shadow Economies around the World: What do we really know?," IAW Discussion Papers 16, Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW).
  4. Quan Li & Drew Schaub, 2004. "Economic Globalization and Transnational Terrorism," Journal of Conflict Resolution, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 48(2), pages 230-258, April.
  5. Bruno S. Frey & Simon Luechinger, 2008. "Three Strategies To Deal With Terrorism," Economic Papers, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 27(2), pages 107-114, 06.
  6. Indridi H. Indridason, 2008. "Does Terrorism Influence Domestic Politics? Coalition Formation and Terrorist Incidents," Journal of Peace Research, Peace Research Institute Oslo, vol. 45(2), pages 241-259, March.
  7. Tim Krieger & Daniel Meierrieks, 2009. "Terrorism in the Worlds of Welfare Capitalism," Working Papers CIE 22, Paderborn University, CIE Center for International Economics.
  8. Tim Krieger & Daniel Meierrieks, 2008. "What causes terrorism?," Working Papers CIE 12, Paderborn University, CIE Center for International Economics.
  9. Peter Kurrild-Klitgaard & Mogens Justesen & Robert Klemmensen, 2006. "The political economy of freedom, democracy and transnational terrorism," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 128(1), pages 289-315, July.
  10. Tavares, Jose, 2004. "The open society assesses its enemies: shocks, disasters and terrorist attacks," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(5), pages 1039-1070, July.
  11. Alan B. Krueger & Jitka Maleckova, 2003. "Education, Poverty and Terrorism: Is There a Causal Connection?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 17(4), pages 119-144, Fall.
  12. Andreas Freytag & Jens J. Krüger & Daniel Meierrieks, 2010. "The Origins of Terrorism: Cross-Country Estimates on Socio-economic Determinants of Terrorism," Economics of Security Working Paper Series 27, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  13. Addison, T. & Murshed, S.M., 2002. "Transnational terrorism as a spillover of domestic disputes in other countries," ISS Working Papers - General Series 19130, International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam (ISS), The Hague.
  14. Sandler, Todd & Enders, Walter, 2004. "An economic perspective on transnational terrorism," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 301-316, June.
  15. Llussá, Fernanda & Tavares, José, 2007. "Economics and Terrorism: What We Know, What We Should Know and the Data We Need," CEPR Discussion Papers 6509, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  16. Konstantinos Drakos & Ali M. Kutan, 2003. "Regional Effects of Terrorism on Tourism in Three Mediterranean Countries," Journal of Conflict Resolution, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 47(5), pages 621-641, October.
  17. Chen, Andrew H. & Siems, Thomas F., 2004. "The effects of terrorism on global capital markets," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 349-366, June.
  18. Friedrich Schneider, 2005. "Shadow Economies of 145 Countries all over the World: What Do We Really Know?," CREMA Working Paper Series 2005-13, Center for Research in Economics, Management and the Arts (CREMA).
  19. Khusrav Gaibulloev & Todd Sandler, 2008. "Growth Consequences of Terrorism in Western Europe," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(3), pages 411-424, 08.
  20. Blomberg, S. Brock & Hess, Gregory D. & Orphanides, Athanasios, 2004. "The macroeconomic consequences of terrorism," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(5), pages 1007-1032, July.
  21. Quan Li, 2005. "Does Democracy Promote or Reduce Transnational Terrorist Incidents?," Journal of Conflict Resolution, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 49(2), pages 278-297, April.
  22. Elöd Takáts, 2007. "A Theory of “Crying Wolf†; The Economics of Money Laundering Enforcement," IMF Working Papers 07/81, International Monetary Fund.
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