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On the origin of domestic and international terrorism

Author

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  • Kis-Katos, Krisztina
  • Liebert, Helge
  • Schulze, Günther G.

Abstract

We analyze the determinants of the origin of domestic and international terrorism in a large panel data set of 159 countries spanning from 1970 to 2007. We show that terror increases with GDP per capita, a higher polity score measuring a more open and competitive political system and experiences of domestic conflict, anarchy and regime transitions. Our evidence thus contradicts the notion that terrorism is rooted in economic deprivation or that strongly autocratic regimes breed more terrorists. Rather we show that weak or failing states are an incubator for terrorism. We also show that the causes of domestic terror and international terror are similar.

Suggested Citation

  • Kis-Katos, Krisztina & Liebert, Helge & Schulze, Günther G., 2011. "On the origin of domestic and international terrorism," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 27(S1), pages 17-36.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:poleco:v:27:y:2011:i:s1:p:s17-s36
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2011.02.002
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    Keywords

    Terrorism; Origin of terrorism; Negative binomial panel;

    JEL classification:

    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • K4 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior

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