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What causes terrorism?

  • Tim Krieger

    ()

    (University of Paderborn)

  • Daniel Meierrieks

    (University of Paderborn)

Popular beliefs link terrorism to economic, political and social under- development. In this contribution, we comprehensively review the related, most relevant cross-country analyses to ascertain the true determinants of terrorism. The related theoretical underpinnings are presented and com- mon analytical and methodological objections are discussed. In general, we nd that terrorism is closely linked to political instability, sharp divides within the populace, country size and further demographic, institutional and international factors. Sound counter-terrorism policies should work on these prominent root causes of terrorism. Evidence is only marginal that economic performance, structural economic conditions, democrati- zation, education or religious aliation signi cantly interact with terror- ism. Thus, we are skeptical towards popular policy advice that focuses on poverty alleviation, a promotion of economic development, democratiza- tion, education or the like.

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File URL: http://groups.uni-paderborn.de/wp-wiwi/RePEc/pdf/ciepap/WP12.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Paderborn, CIE Center for International Economics in its series Working Papers CIE with number 12.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pdn:ciepap:12
Contact details of provider: Postal: 05251/05251/60-2108
Phone: 05251/05251/60-2108
Fax: 05251/60-3205
Web page: http://wiwi.uni-paderborn.de/center/cie/Email:


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  25. Addison, Tony & Murshed, S. Mansoob, 2002. "Transnational Terrorism as a Spillover of Domestic Disputes in Other Countries," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
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  29. Tavares, Jose, 2004. "The open society assesses its enemies: shocks, disasters and terrorist attacks," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(5), pages 1039-1070, July.
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