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What causes terrorism?

Author

Listed:
  • Tim Krieger

    () (University of Paderborn)

  • Daniel Meierrieks

    (University of Paderborn)

Abstract

Popular beliefs link terrorism to economic, political and social under- development. In this contribution, we comprehensively review the related, most relevant cross-country analyses to ascertain the true determinants of terrorism. The related theoretical underpinnings are presented and com- mon analytical and methodological objections are discussed. In general, we nd that terrorism is closely linked to political instability, sharp divides within the populace, country size and further demographic, institutional and international factors. Sound counter-terrorism policies should work on these prominent root causes of terrorism. Evidence is only marginal that economic performance, structural economic conditions, democrati- zation, education or religious aliation signi cantly interact with terror- ism. Thus, we are skeptical towards popular policy advice that focuses on poverty alleviation, a promotion of economic development, democratiza- tion, education or the like.

Suggested Citation

  • Tim Krieger & Daniel Meierrieks, 2008. "What causes terrorism?," Working Papers CIE 12, Paderborn University, CIE Center for International Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pdn:ciepap:12
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Determinants of Terrorism; Political Violence; Counter-Terrorism Policies;

    JEL classification:

    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • H56 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - National Security and War
    • K40 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - General
    • N40 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - General, International, or Comparative

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