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The (Hidden) Financial Flows of Terrorist and Transnational Crime Organizations: A Literature Review and Some Preliminary Empirical Results

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  • Friedrich Schneider
  • Raul Caruso

Abstract

The financial means of international terror and transnational organized crime organizations are analyzed. First, some short remarks about the organization of international terror organizations are made. Second and in a much more detailed way a literature review is provided about the financing of terrorist and transnational organized crime organizations, their sources and the various methods they use. Third, an attempt is made to estimate the financial means of terror organizations with the help of a latent estimation approach (MIMIC procedure). The figures show that Al Qaeda and other terror organizations have sufficient financial means. Fourth, some remarks are made about the negative effects of terror on the economy in highly developed countries and some strategies are presented to combat (the financing) of terrorism.

Suggested Citation

  • Friedrich Schneider & Raul Caruso, 2011. "The (Hidden) Financial Flows of Terrorist and Transnational Crime Organizations: A Literature Review and Some Preliminary Empirical Results," Economics of Security Working Paper Series 52, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diweos:diweos52
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Abadie, Alberto & Gardeazabal, Javier, 2008. "Terrorism and the world economy," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 1-27, January.
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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    as


    Cited by:

    1. Stefan Haigner & Friedrich Schneider & Florian Wakolbinger, 2012. "Combating Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism: A Survey," Economics of Security Working Paper Series 65, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    2. repec:diw:diwdiw:diwepb17 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Michael Brzoska & Raphael Bossong & Eric van Um, 2011. "Security Economics in the European Context: Implications of the EUSECON Project," Economics of Security Working Paper Series 58, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    4. Stefan Haigner & Friedrich Schneider & Florian Wakolbinger, 2012. "The Financial Flows of Terrorism and Transnational Crime," EUSECON Policy Briefing 17, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial flows of terrorist organizations; financial flows of transnational organized crime; Hawala banking; money laundering; transnational organized crime; terrorist organizations; kinds of terrorist financing;

    JEL classification:

    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
    • H56 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - National Security and War
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements

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