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Healthier lifestyles after retirement in Europe? Evidence from SHARE

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Listed:
  • Martina Celidoni

    (University of Padova)

  • Vincenzo Rebba

    (University of Padova)

Abstract

This paper investigates changes in health behaviours upon retirement, using data drawn from the Survey of Health Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). By exploiting changes in eligibility rules for early and normal retirement, we identify the causal effect of retiring from work on smoking, alcohol drinking, engagement in physical activity and visits to the general practitioner or specialist. We provide evidence about heterogeneous effects related to gender, education, net wealth, early-life conditions and job characteristics. Results show that changes in health behaviours occur upon retirement and may be a key mechanism through which the latter affects health. We find heterogenous effects related especially to gender, education and job characteristics.

Suggested Citation

  • Martina Celidoni & Vincenzo Rebba, 2015. "Healthier lifestyles after retirement in Europe? Evidence from SHARE," "Marco Fanno" Working Papers 0201, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno".
  • Handle: RePEc:pad:wpaper:0201
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    6. Eve Caroli & Claudio Lucifora & Daria Vigani, 2016. "Is there a Retirement-Health Care utilization puzzle? Evidence from SHARE data in Europe," DISCE - Working Papers del Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza def049, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Dipartimenti e Istituti di Scienze Economiche (DISCE).
    7. Filomena, Mattia & Picchio, Matteo, 2021. "Retirement and health outcomes in a meta-analytical framework," GLO Discussion Paper Series 897, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    8. Chiara Ardito & Roberto Leombruni & David Blane & Angelo d’Errico, 2020. "To Work or Not to Work? The Effect of Higher Pension Age on Cardiovascular Health," Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 59(3), pages 399-434, July.
    9. Szanyi-Nagy, Sára & Vaskövi, Ágnes, 2021. "Hogyan élnek az európai nyugdíjasok? Egyéni szintű különbözőségek vizsgálata SHARE-adatok alapján [European quality of life in retirement. Analysing personal differences through SHARE data]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(12), pages 1336-1363.
    10. Cristina Belles & Sergi Jiménez & Han Ye, 2022. "The Effect of Removing Early Retirement on Mortality," Working Papers 2022-06, FEDEA.
    11. Antoine Bozio & Clémentine Garrouste & Elsa Perdrix, 2021. "Impact of later retirement on mortality: Evidence from France," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 30(5), pages 1178-1199, May.
    12. Motegi, Hiroyuki & Nishimura, Yoshinori & Oikawa, Masato, 2020. "Retirement and health investment behaviors: An international comparison," The Journal of the Economics of Ageing, Elsevier, vol. 16(C).
    13. Steve Briand, 2020. "Beyond the direct impact of retirement: coordination by couples in preventive and risky behaviors," Working Papers hal-02467440, HAL.
    14. Chen, Hong & Liu, Bei & Li, Yi & Cai, Yujie, 2022. "The relationship between negative life events and resilience among Chinese service employees: Nonlinearly moderated by lifestyle habits," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(C).
    15. Marco Bertoni & Stefania Maggi & Guglielmo Weber, 2018. "Work, retirement, and muscle strength loss in old age," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(1), pages 115-128, January.
    16. Pasqualini, M. & Lanari, D. & Minelli, L. & Pieroni, L. & Salmasi, L., 2017. "Health and income inequalities in Europe: What is the role of circumstances?," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 164-173.
    17. Bauer, Ann Barbara & Eichenberger, Reiner, 2021. "Worsening workers' health by lowering retirement age: The malign consequences of a benign reform," The Journal of the Economics of Ageing, Elsevier, vol. 18(C).
    18. Antoine Bozio & Clémentine Garrouste & Elsa Perdrix, 2021. "Impact of Later Retirement on Mortality: Evidence from France," PSE Working Papers hal-03352846, HAL.
    19. Pedron, Sara & Maier, Werner & Peters, Annette & Linkohr, Birgit & Meisinger, Christine & Rathmann, Wolfgang & Eibich, Peter & Schwettmann, Lars, 2020. "The effect of retirement on biomedical and behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular and metabolic disease," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 38(C).
    20. Barschkett, Mara & Geyer, Johannes & Haan, Peter & Hammerschmid, Anna, 2021. "The Effects of an Increase in the Retirement Age on Health – Evidence from Administrative Data," IZA Discussion Papers 14893, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    retirement; health behaviour; fixed effects; instrumental variables.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies

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