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Fatal Attraction? Extended Unemployment Benefits, Labor Force Exits, and Mortality

Author

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  • Kuhn, Andreas

    (Swiss Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training)

  • Staubli, Stefan

    (University of Calgary)

  • Wuellrich, Jean-Philippe

    (University of Zurich)

  • Zweimüller, Josef

    (University of Zurich)

Abstract

We estimate the causal effect of permanent and premature exits from the labor force on mortality. To overcome the problem of negative health selection into early retirement, we exploit a policy change in unemployment insurance rules in Austria that allowed workers in eligible regions to exit the labor force 3 years earlier compared to workers in non-eligible regions. Using administrative data with precise information on mortality and retirement, we find that the policy change induced eligible workers to exit the labor force significantly earlier. Instrumental variable estimation results show that for men retiring one year earlier causes a 6.8% increase in the risk of premature death and 0.2 years reduction in the age at death, but has no significant effect for women.

Suggested Citation

  • Kuhn, Andreas & Staubli, Stefan & Wuellrich, Jean-Philippe & Zweimüller, Josef, 2018. "Fatal Attraction? Extended Unemployment Benefits, Labor Force Exits, and Mortality," IZA Discussion Papers 11851, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp11851
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Kyyrä, Tomi & Pesola, Hanna, 2020. "Long-term effects of extended unemployment benefits for older workers," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
    2. Matteo Picchio & Jan C. van Ours, 2020. "Mental Health Effects of Retirement," De Economist, Springer, vol. 168(3), pages 419-452, September.
    3. José Ignacio Garcia-Pérez & Manuel Serrano-Alarcón & Judit Vall Castelló, 2020. "Long-term unemployment subsidies and middle-age disadvantaged workers’ health," Working Papers 20.11, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics.
    4. Filomena, Mattia & Picchio, Matteo, 2021. "Retirement and health outcomes in a meta-analytical framework," GLO Discussion Paper Series 897, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    5. Seonghoon Kim & Kanghyock Koh, 2020. "Does Early Access To Pension Wealth Improve Health?," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 58(4), pages 1783-1794, October.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    early retirement; mortality; health behavior; instrumental variable;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies

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