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Does Retirement Change Lifestyle Habits?

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  • Hiroyuki Motegi
  • Yoshinori Nishimura
  • Kazuyuki Terada

Abstract

This study examines the effects of retirement on lifestyle habits to determine the relationship between retirement and health. Looking at panel data from the Japanese Study of Aging and Retirement, fixed effects with time effects methods are used to account for the endogeneity of retirement. We then apply the fixed effects with time effects instrumental variable methods, after checking that the endogeneity of retirement is excluded by using the Durbin–Wu– Hausman test. Basic pension eligibility age is the instrumental variable. Our results reveal that elderly Japanese people reduce their drinking and increase their walking, frequency of heavy exercise, and sleep time on weekdays after retirement. However, sleep time on holidays and smoking and appear unchanged. Only elderly Japanese women increase their frequency of light exercise after retirement.
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  • Hiroyuki Motegi & Yoshinori Nishimura & Kazuyuki Terada, 2016. "Does Retirement Change Lifestyle Habits?," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 67(2), pages 169-191, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jecrev:v:67:y:2016:i:2:p:169-191
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/jere.12104
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    Cited by:

    1. Motegi, Hiroyuki & Nishimura, Yoshinori & Oikawa, Masato, 2017. "Examining the Changes in Health Investment Behavior After Retirement: A Harmonized Analysis," MPRA Paper 77674, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Eibich, Peter & Goldzahl, Léontine, 2021. "Does retirement affect secondary preventive care use? Evidence from breast cancer screening," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 43(C).
    3. MORIKAWA Masayuki, 2018. "Smoking, Obesity, and Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from Japan," Discussion papers 18023, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    4. Hiroyuki Motegi & Yoshinori Nishimura & Kazuyuki Terada, 2016. "Does Retirement Change Lifestyle Habits?," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 67(2), pages 169-191, June.
    5. Clémentine Garrouste & Elsa Perdrix, 2022. "Is there a consensus on the health consequences of retirement? A literature review," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(4), pages 841-879, September.
    6. Rose, Liam, 2020. "Retirement and health: Evidence from England," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(C).
    7. Nishimura, Yoshinori, 2016. "Did Government Intervention on Firm’s Employment Policies Have an Effect on the Employment of Elderly Workers?," MPRA Paper 73444, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Yoshinori Nishimura & Masato Oikawa & Hiroyuki Motegi, 2018. "What Explains The Difference In The Effect Of Retirement On Health? Evidence From Global Aging Data," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(3), pages 792-847, July.
    9. Masato Oikawa, 2024. "The role of education in health policy reform outcomes: evidence from Japan," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 25(1), pages 49-76, February.
    10. Hasebe, Takuya & Sakai, Tadashi, 2018. "Are elderly workers more likely to die in occupational accidents? Evidence from both industry-aggregated data and administrative individual-level data in Japan," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 79-89.
    11. Zhao, Meng & Konishi, Yoshifumi & Noguchi, Haruko, 2017. "Retiring for better health? Evidence from health investment behaviors in Japan," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 56-63.
    12. Chong-Hwan Son, 2020. "The Effects of Retirement on Health-Related Quality of Life of Retirement-Aged Adults for Four Marital Status Subgroups," International Journal of Economic Sciences, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences, vol. 9(1), pages 179-201, June.
    13. Pedron, Sara & Maier, Werner & Peters, Annette & Linkohr, Birgit & Meisinger, Christine & Rathmann, Wolfgang & Eibich, Peter & Schwettmann, Lars, 2020. "The effect of retirement on biomedical and behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular and metabolic disease," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 38(C).
    14. Oikawa, M., 2020. "The effect of education on health policy reform: Evidence from Japan," Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers 20/08, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York.
    15. Felix G. Wittmann & Andrea Zülke & Adrian Schultz & Mandy Claus & Susanne Röhr & Melanie Luppa & Steffi G. Riedel-Heller, 2023. "Beneficial and Impeding Factors for the Implementation of Health-Promoting Lifestyle Interventions—A Gender-Specific Focus Group Study," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 20(4), pages 1-15, February.
    16. Barschkett, Mara & Geyer, Johannes & Haan, Peter & Hammerschmid, Anna, 2022. "The effects of an increase in the retirement age on health — Evidence from administrative data," The Journal of the Economics of Ageing, Elsevier, vol. 23(C).
    17. Motegi, Hiroyuki & Nishimura, Yoshinori & Oikawa, Masato, 2020. "Retirement and health investment behaviors: An international comparison," The Journal of the Economics of Ageing, Elsevier, vol. 16(C).

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