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The Effects of Early Retirement on Youth Unemployment: The Case of Belgium

In: Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: The Relationship to Youth Employment

  • Alain Jousten
  • Mathieu Lefèbvre
  • Sergio Perelman
  • Pierre Pestieau

In this paper, we describe the changes of (early) retirement programs over time and study the link between trends in elderly labor force participation and youth unemployment. From a theoretical point of view, there is no convincing argument that the idea of a lump-of-labor should hold. Our empirical results comfort this finding, and indicate a very weak link, if any, between elderly retirement and activity among the young and the prime-age populations.

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This chapter was published in:
  • Jonathan Gruber & David A. Wise, 2010. "Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: The Relationship to Youth Employment," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number grub08-1, May.
  • This item is provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Chapters with number 8251.
    Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberch:8251
    Contact details of provider: Postal: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.
    Phone: 617-868-3900
    Web page: http://www.nber.orgEmail:


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    1. Jonathan Gruber & David A. Wise, 1999. "Social Security and Retirement around the World," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number grub99-1, May.
    2. Saint-Paul, Gilles, 2004. "Why Are European Countries Diverging in Their Unemployment Experience?," IZA Discussion Papers 1066, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Dellis, Arnaud & Jousten, Alain & Perelman, Sergio, 2001. "Micro-Modelling of Retirement in Belgium," CEPR Discussion Papers 2795, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
      • Arnaud Dellis & Raphaël Desmet & Alain Jousten & Sergio Perelman, 2004. "Micro-Modeling of Retirement in Belgium," NBER Chapters, in: Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Micro-Estimation, pages 41-98 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Michele Boldrin & Juan J. Dolado & Juan F. Jimeno & Franco Peracchi, 1999. "The future of pensions in Europe," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 14(29), pages 287-320, October.
    5. Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 2005. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199279173.
    6. PESTIEAU, Pierre & STIJNS, Jean-Philippe, . "Social security and retirement in Belgium," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1374, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    7. Jonathan Gruber & David A. Wise, 2007. "Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Fiscal Implications of Reform," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number grub07-1, May.
    8. Sveinbjörn Blöndal & Stefano Scarpetta, 1999. "The Retirement Decision in OECD Countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 202, OECD Publishing.
    9. Olivier Blanchard & Justin Wolfers, 1999. "The Role of Shocks and Institutions in the Rise of European Unemployment: The Aggregate Evidence," NBER Working Papers 7282, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Jousten, Alain & Lefèbvre, Mathieu & Perelman, Sergio & Pestieau, Pierre, 2005. "Social Security in Belgium: Distributive Outcomes," IZA Discussion Papers 1486, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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