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Quantifying the role of alternative pension reforms on the Austrian economy

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  • Miguel Sánchez Romero

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

  • Joze Sambt
  • Alexia Prskawetz

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

Abstract

This paper investigates the role of recent pension reforms for the development of the social security system and economic growth in Austria. We use a computable general equilibrium model that is built up of overlapping generations that differ by their household structure, longevity, educational attainment, and capital accumulation. Each household optimally decides over its consumption paths, work effort, and retirement age according to the life-cycle theory of labor, while they face survival risk. We find that the pension reforms implemented from 2000 to 2004, although in the correct direction, are not sufficient to solve the labor market distortion caused by the Austrian PAYG pension system. Using alternative policy options, our simulations indicate that a change to a notional defined contribution system and an increase in the educational distribution of the work force would increase the incentive for later retirement ages and thereby increase labor supply and economic growth.

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  • Miguel Sánchez Romero & Joze Sambt & Alexia Prskawetz, 2012. "Quantifying the role of alternative pension reforms on the Austrian economy," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2012-026, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:wpaper:wp-2012-026
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. David E. Bloom & Alfonso Sousa-Poza, 2016. "Ageing and Productivity: Introduction," PGDA Working Papers 9813, Program on the Global Demography of Aging.
    2. Bloom, David E. & Sousa-Poza, Alfonso, 2013. "Ageing and productivity," FZID Discussion Papers 63-2012, University of Hohenheim, Center for Research on Innovation and Services (FZID).
    3. Bloom, David E. & Sousa-Poza, Alfonso, 2013. "Ageing and Productivity: Introduction," IZA Discussion Papers 7205, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Fürnkranz-Prskawetz, Alexia & Sanchez Romero, Miguel, 2017. "Redistributive effects of the US pension system among individuals with different life expectancy," Annual Conference 2017 (Vienna): Alternative Structures for Money and Banking 168181, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    5. Miguel Sánchez Romero & Naohiro Ogawa & Rikiya Matsukura, 2013. "To give or not to give: bequest estimate and wealth impact based on a CGE model with realistic demography in Japan," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2013-012, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
    6. Fürnkranz-Prskawetz, Alexia & Sanchez Romero, Miguel, 2017. "Redistributive effects of the US pension system among individuals with different life expectancy," Annual Conference 2017 (Vienna): Alternative Structures for Money and Banking 168181, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Austria; ageing; retirement; social security;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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