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Geography and High-Tech Employment Growth in U.S. Counties

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  • Belal Fallah

    () (Palestine Polytechnic University)

  • Mark D. Partridge

    () (Ohio State University)

  • Dan S. Rickman

    () (Oklahoma State University)

Abstract

This paper investigates the role of geography in high-tech employment growth across U.S. counties. The geographic dimensions examined include industry cluster effects, urbanization effects, proximity to a research university, and proximity in the urban hierarchy. Growth is assessed for overall high-tech employment and for employment in various high-tech sub-sectors. Econometric analyses are conducted separately for samples of metropolitan and non metropolitan counties. Among our primary findings, we do not find evidence of positive localization or within-industry cluster growth effects, generally finding negative growth effects. We instead find evidence of positive urbanization effects and growth penalties for greater distances from larger urban areas. Universities also appear to play their primary role in creating human capital rather than knowledge spillovers for nearby firms. Quantile regression analysis confirms the absence of within-industry cluster effects and importance of human capital for counties with fast growth in high-tech industries.

Suggested Citation

  • Belal Fallah & Mark D. Partridge & Dan S. Rickman, 2011. "Geography and High-Tech Employment Growth in U.S. Counties," Economics Working Paper Series 1102, Oklahoma State University, Department of Economics and Legal Studies in Business, revised Feb 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:okl:wpaper:1102
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    Cited by:

    1. Winters, John V., 2014. "STEM graduates, human capital externalities, and wages in the U.S," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 190-198.
    2. Thomas Kemeny & Taner Osman, 2018. "The Wider Impacts of High-Technology Employment: Evidence from U.S. Cities," Working Papers 89, Queen Mary, University of London, School of Business and Management, Centre for Globalisation Research.
    3. Munasib, Abdul & Rickman, Dan S., 2015. "Regional economic impacts of the shale gas and tight oil boom: A synthetic control analysis," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 1-17.
    4. Kristian Behrens, 2013. "Strength in Numbers? The Weak Effect of Manufacturing Clusters on Canadian Productivity," C.D. Howe Institute Commentary, C.D. Howe Institute, issue 377, April.
    5. Desmet, Klaus & Henderson, J. Vernon, 2015. "The Geography of Development Within Countries," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier.
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    9. Neil Lee & Stephen Clarke, 2017. "Who gains from high-tech growth? High-technology multipliers, employment and wages in Britain," SPRU Working Paper Series 2017-14, SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex.
    10. Tsvetkova, Alexandra & Partridge, Mark D., 2016. "Economics of modern energy boomtowns: Do oil and gas shocks differ from shocks in the rest of the economy?," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 81-95.
    11. Raffaele Paci & Emanuela Marrocu, 2013. "Knowledge Assets and Regional Performance," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(2), pages 228-257, June.
    12. Mustafa Caglayan & Alessandro Flamini & Babak Jahanshahi, 2017. "Organized Crime and Technology," DEM Working Papers Series 136, University of Pavia, Department of Economics and Management.
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    14. Neil Lee & Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, 2016. "Is there trickle-down from tech? Poverty, employment and the high-technology multiplier in US cities," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1618, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Aug 2016.
    15. repec:gam:jscscx:v:7:y:2018:i:6:p:100-:d:153530 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Crescenzi, Riccardo & Rodriguez-Pose, Andres, 2012. "R&D, Socio-Economic Conditions and Regional Innovation in the United States," CEPR Discussion Papers 9265, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    17. Riccardo Crescenzi & Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, 2013. "R&D, Socio-Economic Conditions, and Regional Innovation in the U.S," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(2), pages 287-320, June.
    18. Mark D. Partridge, 2013. "America’s Job Crisis and the Role of Regional Economic Development Policy," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 43(2,3), pages 97-110, Winter.

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    Keywords

    economic geography; high-tech employment; regional economic development; urban economics;

    JEL classification:

    • R00 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General - - - General

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